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Lectin pathway proteins of the complement system in normotensive pregnancy and pre-eclampsia

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PROBLEM: The lectin pathway of the complement system may be involved in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. We aimed to investigate changes in serum concentrations of a broad range of lectin pathway proteins during normal pregnancy and their association with pre-eclampsia, placental infarctions and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).

METHOD OF STUDY: We included 51 women with normotensive pregnancies and 54 women with pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Blood samples were obtained at gestational weeks 16, 33, 37, and after delivery for the normotensive pregnant women and before and after delivery for women with pre-eclampsia. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), H- and M-ficolin, collectin liver-1 (CL-L1), MBL-associated serine protease (MASP)-1, MASP-2 and MASP-3 and MBL-associated proteins of 19 (MAp19) and 44 (MAp44) kDa were analysed. Clinical information was obtained from medical records. The placentae were examined by two experienced perinatal pathologists.

RESULTS: Lectin pathway protein concentrations generally increased during normal pregnancy and decreased after delivery in both normotensive pregnant women and women with pre-eclampsia. Exceptions were MASP-3 which increased after delivery in both groups (P < 0.0001) and H-ficolin which increased after delivery in pre-eclampsia (P < 0.0001). H-ficolin (P < 0.0001), M-ficolin (P = 0.005) and MASP-3 (P = 0.03) concentrations were lower in women with pre-eclampsia than in normotensive pregnant women. Low MASP-3 concentrations were associated with placental infarction (P = 0.03) and IUGR (P = 0.04). Low H-ficolin concentrations were associated with IUGR (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: In general, lectin pathway protein serum concentrations increased during normal pregnancy. H-ficolin and MASP-3 may be involved in the pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia and IUGR and could be potential future pre-eclampsia biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology and Microbiology
Volume81
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)e13092
ISSN8755-8920
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

    Research areas

  • Adult, Biomarkers/blood, Complement Activation, Complement Pathway, Mannose-Binding Lectin, Female, Fetal Growth Retardation/immunology, Humans, Infarction/immunology, Lectins/blood, Mannose-Binding Lectin/blood, Mannose-Binding Protein-Associated Serine Proteases/metabolism, Placenta/physiology, Pre-Eclampsia/immunology, Pregnancy

ID: 61828272