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Laparotomy with suture repair is the most common treatment for obturator hernia: a scoping review

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BACKGROUND: Obturator hernias are rare and associated with high mortality. However, the optimal surgical approach remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the available evidence and examine the surgical details regarding obturator hernia defect closure as well as the recurrence rates of the different approaches.

METHODS: We reported this scoping review according to the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis Extension for Scoping Reviews) and registered the protocol online. A comprehensive literature search in five different databases was conducted. The population was patients undergoing surgery for obturator hernia. Articles were included for data charting if the management of the hernia defect was reported. Data regarding surgical details, and hernia recurrence were extracted.

RESULTS: A total of 1299 patients from 313 articles were included. In total, 937 patients underwent open obturator hernia repair, in which 992 hernias were repaired (including some bilateral obturator hernias). A total of 295 patients underwent laparoscopic repair for 341 obturator hernias, and for the remaining 67 patients, type of surgery was not reported. For open surgery, suture repair was the most common method of repair (n = 508, 51%) with a recurrence rate of 10%. For laparoscopic surgery, the most common repair of the defect was mesh repair (n = 299, 88%) with no reported recurrences.

CONCLUSION: Open surgery with primary suture repair is the most common method of repair for obturator hernia but is associated with a recurrence rate of 10%. Laparoscopic mesh repair is becoming more common and have seemingly very low recurrence rates and may be a better method of repair.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLangenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Volume406
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1733-1738
Number of pages6
ISSN1435-2443
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

    Research areas

  • Hernia, Obturator/diagnostic imaging, Herniorrhaphy, Humans, Laparoscopy, Laparotomy, Recurrence, Surgical Mesh, Sutures, Obturator, Review, Hernia, Surgery, Laparoscopic

ID: 68726166