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Ketamine versus propofol for rapid sequence induction in trauma patients: a retrospective study

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BACKGROUND: Rapid Sequence Induction (RSI) is used for emergency tracheal intubation to minimise the risk of pulmonary aspiration of stomach contents. Ketamine and propofol are two commonly used induction agents for RSI in trauma patients. Yet, no consensus exists on the optimal induction agent for RSI in the trauma population. The aim of this study was to compare 30-day mortality in trauma patients after emergency intubation prehospitally or within 30 min after arrival in the trauma centre using either ketamine or propofol for RSI.

METHODS: In this investigator-initiated, retrospective study we included adult trauma patients emergently intubated with ketamine or propofol registered in the local trauma registry at Rigshospitalet, a tertiary university hospital that hosts a level-1 trauma centre. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes included hospital and Intensive Care Unit length of stay as well as duration of mechanical ventilation. We analysed outcomes using multivariable logistic regression models adjusting for age, sex, injury severity score, shock (systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg) and Glasgow Coma Scale score before intubation and present results as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS: From January 1st, 2015 through December 31st, 2019 we identified a total of 548 eligible patients. A total of 228 and 320 patients received ketamine and propofol, respectively. The 30-day mortality for patients receiving ketamine and propofol was 20.2% and 22.8% (P = 0.46), respectively. Adjusted OR for 30-day mortality was 0.98 [0.58-1.66], P = 0.93. We found no significant association between type of induction agent and hospital length of stay, Intensive Care Unit length of stay or duration of mechanical ventilation.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study, trauma patients intubated with ketamine did not have a lower 30-day mortality as compared with propofol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136
JournalScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Volume29
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)136
ISSN1757-7241
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021. The Author(s).

    Research areas

  • Adult, Humans, Injury Severity Score, Intubation, Intratracheal, Ketamine, Propofol, Rapid Sequence Induction and Intubation, Retrospective Studies, Rapid sequence induction, Pre-hospital, Intubation, Trauma

ID: 67845252