Isometric hip strength impairments in patients with hip dysplasia are improved but not normalized 1 year after periacetabular osteotomy: a cohort study of 82 patients

Julie Sandell Jacobsen, Stig Storgaard Jakobsen, Kjeld Søballe, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and purpose - In patients with hip dysplasia, knowledge of hip muscle strength after periacetabular osteotomy is lacking. We investigated isometric hip muscle strength in patients with hip dysplasia, before and 1 year after periacetabular osteotomy, and compared this with healthy volunteers. Furthermore, we investigated whether pre- to post-surgical changes in self-reported pain and sporting function were associated with changes in isometric hip muscle strength. Patients and methods - Isometric hip muscle strength was assessed twice in 82 patients (11 men) with a mean age of 30 (SD 9) years, before and 1 year after surgery, and once in 50 healthy volunteers. Isometric hip muscle strength was assessed with a hand-held dynamometer. Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score was used to measure self-reported outcome. Results - Despite 1-year improvements in isometric hip flexion (0.1 Nm/kg; 95% CI 0.06-0.2) and abduction (0.1 Nm/kg; CI 0.02-0.2), the patients' muscle strength was 13-34% lower than the strength of the healthy volunteers both pre- and post-surgery (p < 0.01). Moreover, changes in self-reported pain were associated with changes in hip flexion (13 points per Nm/kg; CI 1-26) and abduction (14 points per Nm/kg; CI 3-25), while changes in self-reported sporting function were associated with changes in hip extension (9 points per Nm/kg; CI 1-18). Interpretation - Isometric hip muscle strength is impaired in symptomatic dysplastic hips measured before periacetabular osteotomy. 1 year after surgery, isometric hip flexion and abduction strength had improved but muscle strength did not reach that of healthy volunteers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1864911
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume92
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
ISSN1745-3674
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2021

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