Isokinetic eccentric exercise as a model to induce and reproduce pathophysiological alterations related to delayed onset muscle soreness.

Henrik Lund, P Vestergaard-Poulsen, I.L. Kanstrup, P Sejrsen

20 Citations (Scopus)


Physiological alterations following unaccustomed eccentric exercise in an isokinetic dynamometer of the right m. quadriceps until exhaustion were studied, in order to create a model in which the physiological responses to physiotherapy could be measured. In experiment I (exp. I), seven selected parameters were measured bilaterally in 7 healthy subjects at day 0 as a control value. Then after a standardized bout of eccentric exercise the same parameters were measured daily for the following 7 d (test values). The measured parameters were: the ratio of phosphocreatine to inorganic phosphate (PCr/Pi), the ratio of inorganic phosphate to adenosintriphosphate (Pi/ATP), the ratio of phosphocreatine to adenosintriphosphate (PCr/ATP) (all three ratios measured with 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy), dynamic muscle strength, plasma creatine kinase (CK), degree of pain and 'muscle' blood flow rate (133Xenon washout technique). This was repeated in experiment II (exp. II) 6-12 months later in order to study reproducibility. In experiment III (exp. III), the normal fluctuations over 8 d of the seven parameters were measured, without intervention with eccentric exercise in 6 other subjects. All subjects experienced pain, reaching a maximum 48 h after eccentric exercise in both exp. I and II. A systematic effect over time for CK (increasing 278% resp. 308%), muscle strength (decreasing more than 10%), PCr/Pi (decreasing 31% resp. 43%) and Pi/ATP (increasing 55% resp. 99%) was found in both exp. I and II (P < 0.05), but not in exp. III. No significant difference was observed between exp. I and II for CK, blood-flow rate, concentric muscle strength, PCr/Pi, Pi/ATP and PCr/ATP. It is concluded that pathophysiological alterations in m. quadriceps following eccentric exercise can be induced and can be reproduced after an interval of 6 months. Thus, this model can be used to study the effects of physiotherapy
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)208-215
Publication statusPublished - 1998


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