Is resumption of meiosis in the human preovulatory oocyte triggered by a meiosis-inducing substance (MIS) in the follicular fluid?

L Westergaard, A G Byskov, C Y Andersen, J Grinsted, K P McNatty

Abstract

Aspirates from 31 ovarian follicles and 2 corpora lutea of 26 women at different stages of the menstrual cycle were investigated for activity of meiosis-inducing substance (MIS) and meiosis-preventing substance (MPS). The aspirated follicles were classified as dominant (i.e., preovulatory), healthy, or atretic according to their size, steroid hormone content, and stage of the menstrual cycle. To test for MIS and MPS activity, gonads of sexually undifferentiated fetal mice were cultured in media containing either 15% follicular fluid aspirate (test gonads) or 15% human blood serum (control gonads). MIS activity is present in follicular fluid if the test testes contain more meiotic germ cells than the control testes. MPS activity is present if the test ovaries have less meiotic germ cells than their controls. MIS activity was present only in healthy follicles of the late follicular phase (12 of 15 follicles). No MIS activity was seen in healthy or atretic follicles from other phases of the menstrual cycle. The MIS activity is apparently unrelated to the composition of steroids in the follicular fluid. MPS activity was not found in any of the follicles. It is proposed that the preovulatory resumption of meiosis may be triggered by a MIS in the follicular fluid.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume41
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)377-84
Number of pages8
ISSN0015-0282
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Body Fluids/physiology
  • Corpus Luteum/physiology
  • Female
  • Germ Cells/growth & development
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meiosis
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Middle Aged
  • Oocytes/physiology
  • Ovarian Follicle/physiology
  • Ovary/physiology
  • Testis/physiology

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