PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of intravenous saline administration on orthostatic hypotension (OH) during head up tilt (HUT) and the change in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system before and after HUT in patients with severe acquired brain injury (ABI).
RESEARCH DESIGN: The study is designed as an observational study.
METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Fourteen patients with ABI, low level of consciousness and OH were monitored before, during and after HUT with non-invasive beat-to-beat blood pressure measurement, and transcranial Doppler determination of middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity. Blood samples were collected before and after two HUT sessions separated by 1 hour and saline was administered in between.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Patients' ability to stand upright did not change after saline administration due to OH. The patients showed signs of reduced cerebral autoregulation at both HUT sessions. The patients had a significant lower level of renin and angiotensin II but not aldosterone.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with severe ABI and OH demonstrate no improvement in standing time with reduced plasma renin and angiotensin II after two HUT sessions and 1 hour fluid administration. Research focusing on the ability to retain fluid after bed rest is warranted.
- Journal Article