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Intrafractional fiducial marker position variations in stereotactic liver radiotherapy during voluntary deep inspiration breath-hold

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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate intrafractional fiducial marker position variations during stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients treated for liver metastases in visually guided, voluntary deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH).

METHODS: 10 patients with implanted fiducial markers were studied. Respiratory coaching with visual guidance was used to ensure comfortable voluntary breath-holds for SBRT imaging and delivery. Three DIBH CTs were acquired for treatment planning. Pre- and post-treatment CBCTs were acquired for each of the three treatment fractions. Per-fraction marker position was evaluated on planar 2D kV images acquired during treatment fractions for 4 of the 10 patients.

RESULTS: The median difference in marker position was 0.3 cm (range, 0.0-0.9 cm) between the three DIBH CTs and 0.3 cm (range, 0.1 to 1.4 cm) between pre- and post-treatment CBCTs. The maximum intrafractional variation in marker position in craniocaudal (CC) direction on planar kV images was 0.7 to 1.3 cm and up to 1.0 cm during a single DIBH.

CONCLUSION: Difference in marker position of up to 1.0 cm was observed during a single DIBH despite use of narrow external gating window and visual feedback. Stability examination on pre-treatment DIBH CTs was not sufficient to guarantee per-fraction stability. Evaluation of differences in marker position on pre- and post-treatment CBCT did not always reveal the full magnitude of the intrafractional variation.

ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: To increase treatment accuracy, it is necessary to apply real-time monitoring of the tumour or a reliable internal surrogate when delivering liver SBRT in voluntary DIBH.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe British journal of radiology
Issue number1116
Pages (from-to)20200859
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

ID: 60985872