Intensified acute in-hospital physiotherapy for patients after hip fracture surgery: a pragmatic, randomized, controlled feasibility trial

Abstract

PURPOSE: Intensified acute in-hospital physiotherapy (IP) after hip fracture (HF) may enhance patient's ability to regain basic mobility at discharge. The primary objective was to assess the feasibility of IP. Secondary to estimate the effect of IP on regained basic mobility at discharge.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a pragmatic, randomized, unblinded feasibility trial, 60 patients (mean age 79 years, 41 women) with HF and an independent pre-fracture basic mobility level were randomized (2:1) to IP with two daily sessions on weekdays focusing on functional training and weight-bearing activities (n = 40) versus usual care (UC) physiotherapy once daily (n = 20). Feasibility outcomes included physiotherapy completion rates, reasons for non-successful completion, and adverse events. The primary effect outcome was recovery of basic mobility (Cumulated Ambulation Score (CAS)).

RESULTS: Eighty-two percent of the sessions in the IP group were successfully- or partially completed versus 94% of the sessions in the UC group. No adverse events occurred. The main reason for not completing physiotherapy was fatigue. At discharge (median 7 days), 50% in the IP group had regained their pre-fracture basic mobility level (CAS = 6) versus 16% in the UC group; odds ratio = 5.33, 95%CI [1.3;21.5].

CONCLUSIONS: IP seems feasible for patients after HF surgery, and it may enhance recovery. Fatigue was the primary obstacle to completing IP.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
ISSN1464-5165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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