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Integration of eHealth Into Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Care is Safe: 3 Years of Follow-up of Daily Care

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OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate integration of an eHealth solution, www.young.constant-care.com, into daily care (I-eHealth). METHODS: The I-eHealth solution was offered to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients ages 10 to 17 years old in nonbiological treatment. The application was used monthly and in case of flare-ups. Blood and fecal calprotectin (FC) were tested every 3 months and during flare-ups. A total inflammation score (based on symptoms and FC) was visualized for the patient in a traffic light curve. An IBD nurse followed up on the registrations every 2 weeks. Patients had 1 yearly planned visit at the hospital. On-demand visits were arranged depending on the total inflammation. I-eHealth results were compared with data from a previous randomized clinical trial (RCT)-eHealth study (the control group of which had 4 planned annual visits). RESULTS: Thirty-six IBD patients were followed by I-eHealth, mean age 14.7 years (SD 7.75). The median (interquartile range [IQR]) duration of using I-eHealth was 1.9 years (0.29-2.51), equal to 66.11 patient-years, compared with 40.45 in the RCT-eHealth group and 46.49 in the RCT-control group. On-demand visits per patient-year did not differ between the groups: 1.13 (I-eHealth), 1.16 (RCT-eHealth), and 0.84 (RCT-control) (P = 0.84/0.85). Hospitalizations and acute outpatient visits per patient-year did not differ between the groups: 0.11 and 0.11 (I-eHealth), 0.05 and 0.02 (RCT-eHealth), 0.11 and 0.11 (RCT-control) (P = 0.17/0.81 and 0.12/0.81). Time to first escalation of medication, and time to first on-demand visit, did not differ between the I-eHealth group and data from the clinical trial (Log rank: P = 0.25 and P = 0.61). CONCLUSIONS: I-eHealth is comparably with results from eHealth under RCT supervision.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume72
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)723-727
Number of pages5
ISSN0277-2116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

ID: 61845430