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Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood: A Case-Control Study

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  1. Treatment efficacy of narrative family therapy for children and adolescents with diverse psychiatric symptomatology

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  2. Self-disorders: A promising candidate for early detection

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  3. Determinants of Binge Drinking aming Adolescents in Denmark

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  4. Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Indirect Self-Harm among Danish High School Students

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  1. Diseases of the circulatory system among adult people diagnosed with infantile autism as children: A longitudinal case control study

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  2. Epilepsy in Individuals with a History of Asperger's Syndrome: A Danish Nationwide Register-Based Cohort Study

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  3. Mortality and Factors Associated with Death in Autism Spectrum Disorders: - a Review

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Background: To date, injury risk among people with infantile autism (IA) has been a relatively poorly researched issue.Objective:The purpose of our study was to compare the prevalence and types of injuries in a clinical sample of 118 patients diagnosed with IA during childhood with those of 336 age-and sex-matched controls from the general population.Method: All participants werescreened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average amount of time that the participants were observed was 30.3 years (range, 27.3 to 30.4 years), and the mean patient age at the end of the observation period was 42.7 years (range, 27.3 to 57.3 years).Results: Among the 118 patients with IA, a total of 52 (44.1%) were registered in the Danish National Hospital Register with at least one injury diagnosis. In the comparison group, 226 of 336 individuals (67.3%) had at least one such diagnosis. The difference is statistically significant (P< .0001; odds ratio, 0.4; 95% confidence interval, 0.3 to 0.6), and the nature of the injuries also seems to differ. Gender, intellectual level, and concurrent epilepsy were not predictive of injury risk.Conclusions:Our results lend support to the notion that injuries that require medical attention are not uncommon among an adult population of people diagnosed with IA during childhood, but they are less common than the rate found in a comparisongroup from the general population. It is proposed that a diagnosis of IA is related to the likelihood of institutional care, which may have a protective effect with respect to acute hospital use
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology
Volume4
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ID: 46465044