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Influence of visual feedback, hand dominance and sex on individuated finger movements

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  • Anna-Maria Johansson
  • Helena Grip
  • Louise Rönnqvist
  • Jonas Selling
  • Carl-Johan Boraxbekk
  • Andrew Strong
  • Charlotte K Häger
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The ability to perform individual finger movements, highly important in daily activities, involves visual monitoring and proprioception. We investigated the influence of vision on the spatial and temporal control of independent finger movements, for the dominant and non-dominant hand and in relation to sex. Twenty-six healthy middle-aged to old adults (M age = 61 years; range 46-79 years; females n = 13) participated. Participants performed cyclic flexion-extension movements at the metacarpophalangeal joint of one finger at a time while keeping the other fingers as still as possible. Movements were recorded using 3D optoelectronic motion technique (120 Hz). The movement trajectory distance; speed peaks (movement smoothness); Individuation Index (II; the degree a finger can move in isolation from the other fingers) and Stationarity Index (SI; how still a finger remains while the other fingers move) were extracted. The main findings were: (1) vision only improved the II and SI marginally; (2) longer trajectories were evident in the no-vision condition for the fingers of the dominant hand in the female group; (3) longer trajectories were specifically evident for the middle and ring fingers within the female group; (4) females had marginally higher II and SI compared with males; and (5) females had fewer speed peaks than males, particularly for the ring finger. Our results suggest that visual monitoring of finger movements marginally improves performance of our non-manipulative finger movement task. A consistent finding was that females showed greater independent finger control compared with males.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume239
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1911-1928
Number of pages18
ISSN0014-4819
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Finger movements, Kinematics, Motor control, Sex differences, Spatiotemporal, Vision

ID: 65018261