Inequality in rehabilitation

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES: The overall Ph.d.-study aims to investigate rehabilitation trajectories in adult patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke, and to describe mechanisms behind the institutionalized (health care) part of inequality in health with emphasis on interfaces and critical transitions from time of accident to twelve month follow-up. The case study aims to explore the process of rehabilitation in a high status patient, related to professions in healthcare. The focus is on how a high status patient is perceived and handled in organizations and among professions, and strategies applied by the patient and relatives.
    METHODS: Observation and qualitative interview has been conducted of one patient following the patients’ trajectories though different phases of the rehabilitation process during admission at Traumatic Brain Unit. Interdisciplinary meetings are regarded as key elements of the empirical attention. The sociology of Pierre Bourdieu constitutes the theoretical framework and is central to theories structuring. Bourdieu’s concepts of economic, cultural, social, health and symbolic capital are used to analyze the patient positions and strategies in the field. The concept of strategy is used to understand how the agents perform to optimize their position in general and also as ‘good’ patients, relatives and professionals and how they have incorporated the structural conditions.
    RESULTS: The presented case is a 60 year old female (MK) admitted to rehabilitation after a major car accident. The patient suffers from severe physical and cognitive deficits. MK is married and has 3 grown-up children. MK is an academic and is acknowledged within the field, as well as her husband. They live in a house on three floors and have a summer cottage. At the admission interview, the husband argues for examinations using the biomedical concepts, classifications and logic and the examinations are accepted. Consequently, it seems like an active resource to act pro-active. As well as it seems like the patient and relative have the ability to use and convert capitals. That means that the couple’s knowledge is articulated and used in practice and furthermore that they have the ability to take advantage and make use of it in the rehabilitation process.
    CONCLUSIONS: Denmark as part of the Nordic welfare states is relatively equal in access to treatment in health care, but inequality is increasing. The case study shows how one high status couple with many resources uses capitals. Especially cultural health capital, cultural capital (including health literacy and ability to use language) and social capital (including family and networks) when interacting with the health and welfare professions in the rehabilitation field. Twenty patients with different status and capitals will be followed during the next year to describe a broader picture of patient´s use of capital and of strategies used in Denmark.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date3 Mar 2016
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2016
    EventIBIA (International Brain Injury Association) Congress. - Den Haag, Netherlands
    Duration: 3 Mar 20166 Mar 2016
    Conference number: 11

    Conference

    ConferenceIBIA (International Brain Injury Association) Congress.
    Number11
    Country/TerritoryNetherlands
    CityDen Haag
    Period03/03/201606/03/2016

    Cite this