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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Incidence of acute myocardial infarction-related cardiogenic shock during corona virus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic

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Aims: The hospitalization of patients with MI has decreased during global lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Whether this decrease is associated with more severe MI, e.g. MI-CS, is unknown. We aimed to examine the association of Corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and incidence of acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (MI-CS).

Methods: On March 11, 2020, the Danish government announced national lock-down. Using Danish nationwide registries, we identified patients hospitalized with MI-CS. Incidence rates (IR) and incidence rate ratios (IRR) were used to compare MI-CS before and after March 11 in 2015-2019 and in 2020.

Results: We identified 11,769 patients with MI of whom 696 (5.9%) had cardiogenic shock in 2015-2019. In 2020, 2,132 MI patients were identified of whom 119 had cardiogenic shock (5.6%). The IR per 100,000 person years before March 11 in 2015-2019 was 9.2 (95% CI: 8.3-10.2) and after 8.9 (95% CI: 8.0-9.9). In 2020, the IR was 7.5 (95% CI: 5.8-9.7) before March 11 and 7.7 (95% CI: 6.0-9.9) after. The IRRs comparing the 2020-period with the 2015-2019 period before and after March 11 (lockdown) were 0.81 (95% CI: 0.59-1.12) and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.57-1.32), respectively. The IRR comparing the 2020-period during and before lockdown was 1.02 (95% CI: 0.74-1.41). No difference in 7-day mortality or in-hospital management was observed between study periods.

Conclusion: We could not identify a significant association of the national lockdown on the incidence of MI-CS, along with similar in-hospital management and mortality in patients with MI-CS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of cardiology. Heart & vasculature
Volume31
Pages (from-to)100659
ISSN2352-9067
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • Cardiogenic shock, Corona virus, COVID-19, Incidence, Myocardial infarction

ID: 61064432