PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of PEGylated (64)Cu-liposomes in clinical diagnostic positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and PEGylated (177)Lu-liposomes in internal tumor radiotherapy through in vivo characterization and dosimetric analysis in a human xenograft mouse model.
METHODS: Liposomes with 5 and 10 mol% PEG were characterized with respect to size, charge, and (64)Cu- and (177)Lu-loading efficiency. The tumor imaging potential of (64)Cu-loaded liposomes was evaluated in terms of in vivo biodistribution, tumor accumulation and tumor-to-muscle (T/M) ratios, using PET imaging. The potential of PEGylated liposomes for diagnostic and therapeutic applications was further evaluated through dosimetry analysis using OLINDA/EXM software. The (64)Cu-liposomes were used as biological surrogates to estimate the organ and tumor kinetics of (177)Lu-liposomes.
RESULTS: High remote loading efficiency (>95 %) was obtained for both (64)Cu and (177)Lu radionuclides with PEGylated liposomes, and essentially no leakage of the encapsulated radionuclide was observed upon storage and after serum incubation for 24 h at 37 °C. The 10 mol% PEG liposomes showed higher tumor accumulation (6.2 ± 0.2 %ID/g) than the 5 mol% PEG liposomes, as evaluated by PET imaging. The dosimetry analysis of the (64)Cu-liposomes estimated an acceptable total effective dose of 3.3·10(-2) mSv/MBq for diagnostic imaging in patients. A high absorbed tumor dose (114 mGy/MBq) was estimated for the potential radiotherapeutic (177)Lu-liposomes.
CONCLUSION: The overall preclinical profile of PEGylated (64)Cu-liposomes showed high potential as a new PET theranostic tracer for imaging in humans. Dosimetry results predicted that initial administered activity of 200 MBq of (64)Cu-liposomes should be acceptable in patients. Work is in progress to validate the utility of PEGylated (64)Cu-liposomes in a clinical research programme. The high absorbed tumor dose (114 mGy/MBq) estimated for (177)Lu-liposomes and the preliminary dosimetric studies justify further therapeutic and dosimetry investigation of (177)Lu-liposomes in animals before potential testing in man.
|Journal||European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|