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Improving empowerment, motivation, and medical adherence in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial of a patient-centered intervention

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@article{3f31abc018cf4656b3725c533557760e,
title = "Improving empowerment, motivation, and medical adherence in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial of a patient-centered intervention",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To test whether an intervention consisting of four patient-centered consultations improves glycemic control and self-management skills in patients with poorly regulated type 2 diabetes (T2DM), compared to a control group receiving usual care.METHODS: Unblinded parallel randomized controlled trial including 97 adults diagnosed with T2DM ≥ 1 year and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels ≥ 8.0{\%} (64 mmol/mol). Consultations incorporated tools supporting self-reflection, learning processes, and goal setting. Primary outcome was HbA1c. Secondary outcomes were autonomy support, motivation, self-management skills, and well-being.RESULTS: Average HbA1c decreased slightly in both groups. Autonomy support and frequency of healthy eating were significantly higher in the intervention group. Most participants in the intervention group chose to set goals related to diet and physical exercise. Implementation of the intervention was inconsistent.CONCLUSION: Despite increased autonomy support and individual goal-setting, the intervention was not superior to usual care in terms of glycemic control. More research is needed on how individual preferences and goals can be supported in practice to achieve sustainable behavior changes.PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The intervention promoted participant engagement and supported exploration of participants' challenges and preferences. Further exploration of more flexible use of tools adapted to individual contexts is recommended.",
keywords = "Diabetes self-care, Diabetes self-management, Dialogue tools, Glycemic control, HbA1c, Health care professionals, Self-determination theory, Well-being",
author = "Varming, {Annemarie R} and Rasmussen, {Lone Banke} and Husted, {Gitte Reventlov} and Kasper Olesen and Cecilia Gr{\o}nnegaard and Ingrid Willaing",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.pec.2019.06.014",
language = "English",
volume = "102",
pages = "2238--2245",
journal = "Patient Education and Counseling",
issn = "0738-3991",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improving empowerment, motivation, and medical adherence in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes

T2 - A randomized controlled trial of a patient-centered intervention

AU - Varming, Annemarie R

AU - Rasmussen, Lone Banke

AU - Husted, Gitte Reventlov

AU - Olesen, Kasper

AU - Grønnegaard, Cecilia

AU - Willaing, Ingrid

N1 - Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To test whether an intervention consisting of four patient-centered consultations improves glycemic control and self-management skills in patients with poorly regulated type 2 diabetes (T2DM), compared to a control group receiving usual care.METHODS: Unblinded parallel randomized controlled trial including 97 adults diagnosed with T2DM ≥ 1 year and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels ≥ 8.0% (64 mmol/mol). Consultations incorporated tools supporting self-reflection, learning processes, and goal setting. Primary outcome was HbA1c. Secondary outcomes were autonomy support, motivation, self-management skills, and well-being.RESULTS: Average HbA1c decreased slightly in both groups. Autonomy support and frequency of healthy eating were significantly higher in the intervention group. Most participants in the intervention group chose to set goals related to diet and physical exercise. Implementation of the intervention was inconsistent.CONCLUSION: Despite increased autonomy support and individual goal-setting, the intervention was not superior to usual care in terms of glycemic control. More research is needed on how individual preferences and goals can be supported in practice to achieve sustainable behavior changes.PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The intervention promoted participant engagement and supported exploration of participants' challenges and preferences. Further exploration of more flexible use of tools adapted to individual contexts is recommended.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To test whether an intervention consisting of four patient-centered consultations improves glycemic control and self-management skills in patients with poorly regulated type 2 diabetes (T2DM), compared to a control group receiving usual care.METHODS: Unblinded parallel randomized controlled trial including 97 adults diagnosed with T2DM ≥ 1 year and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels ≥ 8.0% (64 mmol/mol). Consultations incorporated tools supporting self-reflection, learning processes, and goal setting. Primary outcome was HbA1c. Secondary outcomes were autonomy support, motivation, self-management skills, and well-being.RESULTS: Average HbA1c decreased slightly in both groups. Autonomy support and frequency of healthy eating were significantly higher in the intervention group. Most participants in the intervention group chose to set goals related to diet and physical exercise. Implementation of the intervention was inconsistent.CONCLUSION: Despite increased autonomy support and individual goal-setting, the intervention was not superior to usual care in terms of glycemic control. More research is needed on how individual preferences and goals can be supported in practice to achieve sustainable behavior changes.PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The intervention promoted participant engagement and supported exploration of participants' challenges and preferences. Further exploration of more flexible use of tools adapted to individual contexts is recommended.

KW - Diabetes self-care

KW - Diabetes self-management

KW - Dialogue tools

KW - Glycemic control

KW - HbA1c

KW - Health care professionals

KW - Self-determination theory

KW - Well-being

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067564104&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pec.2019.06.014

DO - 10.1016/j.pec.2019.06.014

M3 - Journal article

VL - 102

SP - 2238

EP - 2245

JO - Patient Education and Counseling

JF - Patient Education and Counseling

SN - 0738-3991

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 57539702