Impaired proinsulin secretion before and during oral glucose stimulation in HIV-infected patients who display fat redistribution.

Steen B Haugaard, Ove Andersen, Ian Halsall, Johan Iversen, Charles Nicholas Hales, Sten Madsbad

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The beta-cell function of HIV-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy who display lipodystrophy may be impaired. An early defect in beta-cell function may be characterized by an increase in secretion of 32-33 split proinsulin (SP) and intact proinsulin (IP). To address this issue, the secretion patterns of SP and IP of 16 HIV-infected men with lipodystrophy (LIPO) and 15 HIV-infected men without lipodystrophy (NONLIPO) were studied during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). All patients received highly active antiretroviral therapy. Insulin secretion rates were determined by deconvolution of plasma C-peptide concentrations. More LIPO than NONLIPO patients displayed diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance than normal glucose tolerance (LIPO 2/8/6 vs NONLIPO 1/2/12, P = .05). LIPO patients had increased fasting levels of SP and IP, ratio of SP/IP, and area under the curve of SP and IP during the early phase (0, 10, and 20 minutes) and during the late phase (45, 75, and 105 minutes) of the OGTT compared with NONLIPO patients (Ps < .05). LIPO patients exhibited significantly increased fasting SP/IP ratio, fasting SP/insulin ratio, and total proinsulin to C-peptide ratio during the OGTT. LIPO patients displayed increased incremental secretion of IP during the first 10 minutes of the OGTT (P < .05), although the incremental insulin secretion during this period did not differ between LIPO and NONLIPO patients. These data suggest that HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy display major perturbations of proinsulin secretion in the fasting state and during an OGTT, which is compatible with the notion of a beta-cell dysfunction of such patients.
Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jul
Original languageEnglish
JournalMetabolism
Volume56
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)939-46
Number of pages7
ISSN0026-0495
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Area Under Curve
  • Female
  • Glucose
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • HIV Infections
  • Humans
  • Lipodystrophy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proinsulin

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