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Impact on Fertility after Failure of Restorative Proctocolectomy in Men and Women with Ulcerative Colitis: A 17-Year Cohort Study

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  • Frederik Rønne Pachler
  • Thue Bisgaard
  • Anders Mark-Christensen
  • Gunnar Toft
  • Søren Laurberg
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BACKGROUND: Impact of restorative proctocolectomy failure on fertility has not been studied and is greatly relevant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of restorative proctocolectomy failure on birth rate in women and men, along with in vitro fertilization incidence and success. DESIGN: This was a retrospective registry-based cohort study over 17 years. SETTINGS: Records for parenting a child were cross-linked with patient records. In women, in vitro fertilization records were cross-linked. All data were prospectively registered. PATIENTS: Patients of fertile age with ulcerative colitis between 1994 and 2010 were identified in Danish national databases. Patients with restorative proctocolectomy and restorative proctocolectomy failure were identified as subgroups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Birth rate ratios and in vitro fertilization incidence and success were measured. RESULTS: We included 11,939 women and 13,569 men with ulcerative colitis. A total of 711 women and 730 men had restorative proctocolectomy; 114 women and 90 men had failure. Birth rate in women with failure was significantly reduced compared with women without (birth rate ratio = 0.50 (95% CI, 0.29-0.82)). In men with failure, birth rate tended to be lower compared with men without (birth rate ratio = 0.74 (95% CI, 0.51-1.05)). In vitro fertilization incidence was similar with and without failure (HRs adjusted for age at start of follow-up = 0.98 (95% CI, 0.58-1.67]). In vitro fertilization success was significantly lower with failure compared with ulcerative colitis (OR adjusted for age at start of follow-up = 0.36 (95% CI, 0.4-0.92)). LIMITATIONS: Information on patients leading up to restorative proctocolectomy failure is lacking. Failure patients may have had children during a period with pouch function. Therefore, the impact of failure may be underestimated. CONCLUSIONS: Restorative proctocolectomy failure impairs birth rate, primarily in women. Although in vitro fertilization incidence is similar in women with and without failure, the likelihood of giving birth after in vitro fertilization is reduced. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B202.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Volume63
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)816-822
Number of pages7
ISSN0012-3706
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

    Research areas

  • Failure of restorative proctocolectomy, Fertility, In vitro fertilization, Restorative proctocolectomy, Ulcerative colitis

ID: 59545277