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Impact of long-term storage of plasma and cell-free DNA on measured DNA quantity and fetal fraction

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@article{ed4f4d9fb86c46139d8245aa41a853c2,
title = "Impact of long-term storage of plasma and cell-free DNA on measured DNA quantity and fetal fraction",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Optimal sample storage conditions are essential for non-invasive prenatal testing of cell-free fetal and total DNA. We investigated the effect of long-term storage of plasma samples and extracted cfDNA using qPCR.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal and total cfDNA yield and fetal fraction were calculated before and after storage of plasma for 0-6 years at -25°C. Dilution experiments were performed to investigate PCR inhibition. Extraction with or without proteinase K was used to examine protein dissociation. Storage of extracted cfDNA was investigated by testing aliquots immediately, and after 18 months and 3 years of storage at -25°C.RESULTS: We observed a marked increase in the levels of amplifiable fetal and total DNA in plasma stored for 2-3 years, and fetal fraction was slightly decreased after 3 years of storage. cfDNA detection was independent of proteinase K during DNA extraction in plasma samples stored >2 years, indicating a loss of proteins from DNA over time, which was likely to account for the observed increase in DNA yields. Measured fetal and total DNA quantities, as well as fetal fraction, increased in stored, extracted cfDNA.CONCLUSION: Fetal and total cell-free DNA is readily detectable in plasma after long-term storage at -25°C. However, substantial variation in measured DNA quantities and fetal fraction means caution may be required when using stored plasma and extracted cfDNA for test development or validation purposes.",
keywords = "Blood Preservation/adverse effects, Cell-Free Nucleic Acids/genetics, Female, Fetal Blood/immunology, Humans, Polymerase Chain Reaction/standards, Pregnancy, Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics",
author = "Clausen, {Frederik Banch} and Barrett, {Angela N} and Advani, {Henna V} and Mahesh Choolani and Dziegiel, {Morten Hanefeld}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2020 International Society of Blood Transfusion.",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1111/vox.12923",
language = "English",
volume = "115",
pages = "586--594",
journal = "Vox Sanguinis",
issn = "0042-9007",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of long-term storage of plasma and cell-free DNA on measured DNA quantity and fetal fraction

AU - Clausen, Frederik Banch

AU - Barrett, Angela N

AU - Advani, Henna V

AU - Choolani, Mahesh

AU - Dziegiel, Morten Hanefeld

N1 - © 2020 International Society of Blood Transfusion.

PY - 2020/10

Y1 - 2020/10

N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Optimal sample storage conditions are essential for non-invasive prenatal testing of cell-free fetal and total DNA. We investigated the effect of long-term storage of plasma samples and extracted cfDNA using qPCR.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal and total cfDNA yield and fetal fraction were calculated before and after storage of plasma for 0-6 years at -25°C. Dilution experiments were performed to investigate PCR inhibition. Extraction with or without proteinase K was used to examine protein dissociation. Storage of extracted cfDNA was investigated by testing aliquots immediately, and after 18 months and 3 years of storage at -25°C.RESULTS: We observed a marked increase in the levels of amplifiable fetal and total DNA in plasma stored for 2-3 years, and fetal fraction was slightly decreased after 3 years of storage. cfDNA detection was independent of proteinase K during DNA extraction in plasma samples stored >2 years, indicating a loss of proteins from DNA over time, which was likely to account for the observed increase in DNA yields. Measured fetal and total DNA quantities, as well as fetal fraction, increased in stored, extracted cfDNA.CONCLUSION: Fetal and total cell-free DNA is readily detectable in plasma after long-term storage at -25°C. However, substantial variation in measured DNA quantities and fetal fraction means caution may be required when using stored plasma and extracted cfDNA for test development or validation purposes.

AB - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Optimal sample storage conditions are essential for non-invasive prenatal testing of cell-free fetal and total DNA. We investigated the effect of long-term storage of plasma samples and extracted cfDNA using qPCR.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal and total cfDNA yield and fetal fraction were calculated before and after storage of plasma for 0-6 years at -25°C. Dilution experiments were performed to investigate PCR inhibition. Extraction with or without proteinase K was used to examine protein dissociation. Storage of extracted cfDNA was investigated by testing aliquots immediately, and after 18 months and 3 years of storage at -25°C.RESULTS: We observed a marked increase in the levels of amplifiable fetal and total DNA in plasma stored for 2-3 years, and fetal fraction was slightly decreased after 3 years of storage. cfDNA detection was independent of proteinase K during DNA extraction in plasma samples stored >2 years, indicating a loss of proteins from DNA over time, which was likely to account for the observed increase in DNA yields. Measured fetal and total DNA quantities, as well as fetal fraction, increased in stored, extracted cfDNA.CONCLUSION: Fetal and total cell-free DNA is readily detectable in plasma after long-term storage at -25°C. However, substantial variation in measured DNA quantities and fetal fraction means caution may be required when using stored plasma and extracted cfDNA for test development or validation purposes.

KW - Blood Preservation/adverse effects

KW - Cell-Free Nucleic Acids/genetics

KW - Female

KW - Fetal Blood/immunology

KW - Humans

KW - Polymerase Chain Reaction/standards

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics

U2 - 10.1111/vox.12923

DO - 10.1111/vox.12923

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32342989

VL - 115

SP - 586

EP - 594

JO - Vox Sanguinis

JF - Vox Sanguinis

SN - 0042-9007

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 61695554