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Impact of human papillomavirus in sinonasal cancer-a systematic review

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BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an established prognostic marker in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Currently, the role of HPV in sinonasal carcinoma is being explored.

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review addresses the role of HPV in sinonasal cancer, establishing the occurrence of HPV-positive cancers and the influence of HPV-positivity on prognosis in sinonasal cancer as well as the utility of the putative surrogate marker of HPV (p16) in sinonasal cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Studies were identified with searches of Medline via PubMed and Embase via OVID (4 May 2020). Articles on original research concerning sinonasal cancer and HPV in humans written in English were included. Case reports with less than five cases were excluded.

RESULTS: Initially, 545 articles were identified; 190 duplicate articles were removed leaving 355 articles for title/abstract screening. Title/abstract screening excluded 243 articles, leaving 112 studies assessed for eligibility. After full-text screening, 57 studies were included. All articles investigated the significance of HPV in sinonasal carcinomas. HPV was reported in approximately 30% of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC), where it was associated with a better prognosis. In sinonasal cancer, p16 is associated with diagnostic pitfalls and a putative utility of p16 in SNSCC has yet to be established. HPV was not frequently reported in other types of sinonasal carcinomas, besides the recently described subtype, HPV-dependent Multiphenotypic Sinonasal Carcinoma. In other types of sinonasal carcinoma, HPV is not frequently found.

CONCLUSION: Approximately 30% of SNSCC are HPV-positive. HPV-positivity in SNSCC is associated with improved survival. HPV occurs only rarely in other sinonasal cancers. There is currently not sufficient evidence for p16 as a surrogate marker of HPV in SNSCC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume60
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1175-1191
Number of pages17
ISSN0284-186X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

    Research areas

  • Alphapapillomavirus, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16, Humans, Papillomaviridae/genetics, Papillomavirus Infections, Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck, carcinoma, cancer, Sinonasal, HPV

ID: 67741839