BACKGROUND: The efficacy of simulation-based training in surgical education is well known. However, the development of training programs should start with problem identification and a general needs assessment to ensure that the content is aligned with current surgical trainee needs. The objective of the present study is to identify the technical skills and clinical procedures that should be included in a simulation-based curriculum in general surgery.
METHODS: A national, three-round Delphi process was conducted to achieve consensus on which technical skills and clinical procedures should be included in a simulation-based curriculum in general surgery. In total, 87 key opinion leaders were identified and invited to the study.
RESULTS: Round 1 of the Delphi process had a response rate of 64% (56/87) and a total of 245 suggestions. Based on these suggestions, a consolidated list of 51 technical skills or clinical procedures was made. The response rate in Delphi round 2 was 62% (54/87) resulting in a pre-prioritized order of procedures for round 3. The response rate in Delphi round 3 was 65% (35/54). The final list included 13 technical skills and clinical procedures. Training was predominantly requested within general open surgical skills, laparoscopic skills, and endoscopic skills, and a few specific procedures such as appendectomy and cholecystectomy were included in the final prioritized list.
CONCLUSION: Based on the Delphi process 13 technical skills and clinical procedures were included in the final prioritized list, which can serve as a point of departure when developing simulation-based training in surgery.
- Curriculum development
- National needs assessment
- Simulation-based education
- Surgical education