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Identifying patients with therapy-resistant depression by using factor analysis

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  1. Transcranial pulsed electromagnetic fields for treatment-resistant depression: A multicenter 8-week single-arm cohort study

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  3. Dynamic LED light versus static LED light for depressed inpatients: results from a randomized feasibility trial

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  4. User Involvement in Developing the MYPLAN Mobile Phone Safety Plan App for People in Suicidal Crisis: Case Study

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INTRODUCTION: Attempts to identify the factor structure in patients with treatment-resistant depression have been very limited. METHODS: Principal component analysis was performed using the baseline datasets from 3 add-on studies [2 with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and one with transcranial pulsed electromagnetic fields (T-PEMF)], in which the relative effect as percentage of improvement during the treatment period was analysed. RESULTS: We identified 2 major factors, the first of which was a general factor. The second was a dual factor consisting of a depression subscale comprising the negatively loaded items (covering the pure depression items) and a treatment resistant subscale comprising the positively loaded items (covering lassitude, concentration difficulties and sleep problems). These 2 dual subscales were used as outcome measures. Improvement on the treatment resistant subscale was 40% in the active treatment group compared to 17-30% improvement in the sham treatments. DISCUSSION: It is possible to describe patients with therapy-resistant depression by a factor structure. Both rTMS and T-PEMF had a clinical effect on the factor-derived scales when compared to sham treatment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPharmacopsychiatry
Volume43
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)252-6
Number of pages5
ISSN0176-3679
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010

ID: 30980641