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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Serial Ultrasound Monitoring for Early Recognition of Asparaginase Associated Pancreatitis in Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

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BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children and L-asparaginase is an essential component of the treatment. Cessation of L-asparaginase decreases event free survival. Acute pancreatitis is the toxicity that most commonly results in cessation of L-asparaginase. We tested whether serial ultrasound examinations could predict asparaginase-associated pancreatitis (AAP).

METHODS: Children (aged 1.0-17.9 years) with childhood ALL treated at the University Hospital Rigshopitalet, Copenhagen, according to the standard or intermediate risk arms of the NOPHO ALL2008 protocol, with PEG-asparaginase of 2 or 6 week intervals, for 30 weeks had their pancreas monitored using serial ultrasound in order to detect early signs of inflammation.

RESULTS: Nineteen of 31 eligible patients were included. Three of the included patients developed AAP. None of the patients, including the three patients that developed AAP, had signs of inflammatory edema or pancreas enzymes above three times the upper normal limit prior to AAP.

CONCLUSION: We found no signs of inflammatory edema within the pancreas on ultrasound during treatment with PEG-asparginase in our cohort prior to development of AAP or in patients that did not develop AAP.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Hematology & Oncology
Volume32
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)474-81
Number of pages8
ISSN0888-0018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2015

ID: 46271142