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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Vascular recruitment in forearm muscles during exercise

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Blood flow and filtration of water across the vascular bed in human forearm muscles were studied at rest and during graded exercise with a hand ergometer. Blood flow was measured by dye dilution and water filtration was determined after injection of hyperoncotic albumin solution (23%) in the brachial artery creating a tissue to blood ultrafiltration measureable as a dilution in the effluent blood. The filtration constants were expressed as a filtration coefficient Fc (ml water/ml plasma mmHg increase in oncotic pressure), and, multiplying by the plasma flow, as a filtration capacity Kf (ml water/100 ml tissue min mmHg increase in oncotic pressure). During the increase in plasma flow induced by exercise, Fc remained constant at about 0.0007, but Kf increased in parallel with the hyperaemia from 0.0031 to 0.038 when plasma flow increased from 4 to 48 ml (100 ml min)-1. The data suggest a more massive recruitment of exchange area during exercise (a factor 12) than suspected on the basis of ultrafiltration in animals made with the prolonged venous stasis technique (showing a factor 2-5). The estimated variability in exchange surface area indicates, that animal studies of muscle circulation, whether pertaining to capillary permeability or capillary filtration should gain by an independent estimate of the number of capillaries that are flowing during the particular experimental situation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical physiology (Oxford, England)
Volume3
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)445-51
Number of pages7
ISSN0144-5979
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1983

    Research areas

  • Adult, Albumins, Animals, Blood Flow Velocity, Body Water, Capillary Permeability, Collateral Circulation, Forearm, Humans, Muscles, Physical Exertion, Rest

ID: 39051207