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Effects of the BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism and Met Allele Load on Declarative Memory Related Neural Networks

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  • Chris M Dodds
  • Richard N Henson
  • John Suckling
  • Kamilla W Miskowiak
  • Cinly Ooi
  • Roger Tait
  • Fruzsina Soltesz
  • Phil Lawrence
  • Graham Bentley
  • Kay Maltby
  • Andrew Skeggs
  • Sam R Miller
  • Simon McHugh
  • Edward T Bullmore
  • Pradeep J Nathan
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It has been suggested that the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism modulates episodic memory performance via effects on hippocampal neural circuitry. However, fMRI studies have yielded inconsistent results in this respect. Moreover, very few studies have examined the effect of met allele load on activation of memory circuitry. In the present study, we carried out a comprehensive analysis of the effects of the BDNF polymorphism on brain responses during episodic memory encoding and retrieval, including an investigation of the effect of met allele load on memory related activation in the medial temporal lobe. In contrast to previous studies, we found no evidence for an effect of BDNF genotype or met load during episodic memory encoding. Met allele carriers showed increased activation during successful retrieval in right hippocampus but this was contrast-specific and unaffected by met allele load. These results suggest that the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism does not, as previously claimed, exert an observable effect on neural systems underlying encoding of new information into episodic memory but may exert a subtle effect on the efficiency with which such information can be retrieved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalP L o S One
Volume8
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)e74133
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ID: 42241978