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Neonatal bloodstream infections in a pediatric hospital in Vietnam: a cohort study

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Septicemia and bloodstream infections (BSIs) are major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. We prospectively recorded all positive blood cultures (BSI) among neonates admitted consecutively to a tertiary pediatric hospital in Vietnam during a 12-month period. Among 5763 neonates, 2202 blood cultures were performed, of which 399 were positive in 385 neonates. Among these, 64 died, 62 in relation to septicemia. Of the BSI isolates, 56% was known pathogenic and 48% was gram-negative bacteria, most frequently Klebsiella spp. (n = 78), Acinetobacter spp. (n = 58) and Escherichia coli (n = 21). Only three Streptococcus spp. were identified, none group B. Resistance against antibiotics applied was common. The mortality was highest in neonates with gram-negative BSI compared with no confirmed BSI and gram-positive BSI (P
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Tropical Pediatrics
Volume59
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)483-8
Number of pages6
ISSN0142-6338
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

ID: 42500089