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Hyponatremia and metabolic bone disease in patients with epilepsy: A cross-sectional study

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@article{56c31c404678454ca4cef875195f1e0d,
title = "Hyponatremia and metabolic bone disease in patients with epilepsy: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "AIM: Patients with epilepsy frequently develop hyponatremia due to the treatment with antiepileptic drugs and have an increased risk of developing metabolic bone disease. Hyponatremia is known to be associated with osteoporosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between hyponatremia and osteoporosis in patients with epilepsy.METHOD AND MATERIAL: This cross-sectional study included patients with epilepsy from a tertiary epilepsy out-patient clinic in Denmark, who had a Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry scan performed and an accompanying plasma sodium (p-Na) measured prior to or a maximum of 14 days after the scan. Information regarding the patients' health and medical conditions were obtained from their medical reports.RESULTS: A total of 695 patients (females 53.8{\%}, age 49 (34:63) years (median (quartiles)) were included. 10.4{\%} had hyponatremia (p-Na ≤ 135 mmol/L). The hyponatremic patients had significantly lower T-scores in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total femur (all p < 0.023) and the odds ratio of osteoporosis (T-score < -2.5) was significantly increased (2.91 (1.61-5.27) (95{\%} confidence interval) (p = 0.001)). When adjusting for potential confounders the patients with moderate and severe hyponatremia (p-Na < 129 mmol/L) had a significantly lower mean T-score in the lumbar spine (p = 0.030).CONCLUSION: We conclude that hyponatremia is common in patients with epilepsy and that moderate and severe hyponatremia is independently associated with decreased bone mineral density in the lumbar spine. Therefore, hyponatremia in a patient with epilepsy should warrant further examination of the patient for bone loss and osteoporosis.",
author = "Diemar, {Sarah Seberg} and Anne-Sophie Sejling and Pia Eiken and Charlotte Suetta and J{\o}rgensen, {Niklas Rye} and Andersen, {No{\'e}mi Becser}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.bone.2019.03.017",
language = "English",
volume = "123",
pages = "67--75",
journal = "The Bone",
issn = "0914-7047",
publisher = "Medikaru Rebyusha",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hyponatremia and metabolic bone disease in patients with epilepsy

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Diemar, Sarah Seberg

AU - Sejling, Anne-Sophie

AU - Eiken, Pia

AU - Suetta, Charlotte

AU - Jørgensen, Niklas Rye

AU - Andersen, Noémi Becser

N1 - Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - AIM: Patients with epilepsy frequently develop hyponatremia due to the treatment with antiepileptic drugs and have an increased risk of developing metabolic bone disease. Hyponatremia is known to be associated with osteoporosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between hyponatremia and osteoporosis in patients with epilepsy.METHOD AND MATERIAL: This cross-sectional study included patients with epilepsy from a tertiary epilepsy out-patient clinic in Denmark, who had a Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry scan performed and an accompanying plasma sodium (p-Na) measured prior to or a maximum of 14 days after the scan. Information regarding the patients' health and medical conditions were obtained from their medical reports.RESULTS: A total of 695 patients (females 53.8%, age 49 (34:63) years (median (quartiles)) were included. 10.4% had hyponatremia (p-Na ≤ 135 mmol/L). The hyponatremic patients had significantly lower T-scores in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total femur (all p < 0.023) and the odds ratio of osteoporosis (T-score < -2.5) was significantly increased (2.91 (1.61-5.27) (95% confidence interval) (p = 0.001)). When adjusting for potential confounders the patients with moderate and severe hyponatremia (p-Na < 129 mmol/L) had a significantly lower mean T-score in the lumbar spine (p = 0.030).CONCLUSION: We conclude that hyponatremia is common in patients with epilepsy and that moderate and severe hyponatremia is independently associated with decreased bone mineral density in the lumbar spine. Therefore, hyponatremia in a patient with epilepsy should warrant further examination of the patient for bone loss and osteoporosis.

AB - AIM: Patients with epilepsy frequently develop hyponatremia due to the treatment with antiepileptic drugs and have an increased risk of developing metabolic bone disease. Hyponatremia is known to be associated with osteoporosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between hyponatremia and osteoporosis in patients with epilepsy.METHOD AND MATERIAL: This cross-sectional study included patients with epilepsy from a tertiary epilepsy out-patient clinic in Denmark, who had a Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry scan performed and an accompanying plasma sodium (p-Na) measured prior to or a maximum of 14 days after the scan. Information regarding the patients' health and medical conditions were obtained from their medical reports.RESULTS: A total of 695 patients (females 53.8%, age 49 (34:63) years (median (quartiles)) were included. 10.4% had hyponatremia (p-Na ≤ 135 mmol/L). The hyponatremic patients had significantly lower T-scores in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total femur (all p < 0.023) and the odds ratio of osteoporosis (T-score < -2.5) was significantly increased (2.91 (1.61-5.27) (95% confidence interval) (p = 0.001)). When adjusting for potential confounders the patients with moderate and severe hyponatremia (p-Na < 129 mmol/L) had a significantly lower mean T-score in the lumbar spine (p = 0.030).CONCLUSION: We conclude that hyponatremia is common in patients with epilepsy and that moderate and severe hyponatremia is independently associated with decreased bone mineral density in the lumbar spine. Therefore, hyponatremia in a patient with epilepsy should warrant further examination of the patient for bone loss and osteoporosis.

U2 - 10.1016/j.bone.2019.03.017

DO - 10.1016/j.bone.2019.03.017

M3 - Journal article

VL - 123

SP - 67

EP - 75

JO - The Bone

JF - The Bone

SN - 0914-7047

ER -

ID: 57245954