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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Hypertension, cardiovascular disease and cause of death in Danish living kidney donors: matched cohort study

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OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the long-term absolute risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease after kidney donation in living kidney donors.

DESIGN: Living kidney donors were matched to 10 controls from the general population.

SETTING: Multiple Danish national registries were used to identify living kidney donors from 1 January 1996 to 31 December 2017 nationwide.

PARTICIPANTS: 1262 living kidney donors and 12 620 controls.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hypertension, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

RESULTS: The median age of living kidney donors was 52 (men 43%). Hypertension developed in 50 (4%) and 231 (1.8%) with a median follow-up of 7 years (IQR 3.3-12.1 years with a maximum follow-up of 22 years) and 6.9 years (IQR 3.2-11.7 years and maximum follow-up of 22 years) for donors and controls, respectively. The absolute risk of hypertension was 2.3% (95% CI 1.4% to 3.2%) and 1.2% (95% CI 1.0% to 1.4%), 4.2% (95% CI 2.8% to 5.7%) and 2.4% (95% CI 2.1% to 2.8%), 8.6% (95% CI 6.0% to 11.3%) and 3.3% (95% CI 2.8% to 3.8%) within 5, 10, 15 years for donors and controls, respectively. The ratio of the 10-year absolute risks for hypertension was 1.64 (95% CI 1.44 to 1.88) for donors compared with the controls. Two donors and four controls developed renal replacement therapy requiring end-stage renal disease during follow-up. The absolute risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes was 7.3% (95% CI 5.7% to 9.5%) and 8.3% (95% CI 7.7% to 9.0%), 1.7% (95% CI 0.7% to 2.8%) and 3.2% (95% CI 2.7% to 3.6%) at 10 years for donors and controls, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Living kidney donors have an increased long-term absolute risk of hypertension compared with controls from the general population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Open
Volume10
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)e041122
ISSN2044-6055
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2020

ID: 61263930