BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of hemophilia, but prevalence of depression and anxiety is less studied. Registry data on prescription drugs can provide an objective measure of the magnitude of these complications.
OBJECTIVES: To identify treatment patterns of prescribed pain, antidepressant, and antianxiety medications compared with those of matched controls in 4 Nordic countries.
METHODS: The MIND study (NCT03276130) analyzed longitudinal individual-level national data during 2007-2017. People with hemophilia (PwH) were identified from National Health Data Registers by diagnosis or factor replacement treatment and compared with population controls. Three subgroups were defined by the use of factor concentrates and sex (moderate-to-high factor consumption (factor VIII [FVIII] use of ≥40 IU/kg/week or FIX use of ≥10 IU/kg/week), low factor consumption, and women including carriers).
RESULTS: Data of 3246 PwH, representing 30,184 person-years, were analyzed. PwH (including children and adults) used more pain, depression, and anxiety medications compared with controls. This was most accentuated in the moderate-to-high factor consumption group and notably also observed in men with low factor consumption and women including carriers, usually representing a milder phenotype. A higher opioid use was observed across all age groups: 4- to 6-fold higher in the moderate-to-high factor consumption group and 2- to 4-fold higher in the low factor consumption group.
CONCLUSION: The consistent higher use of pain, depression, and anxiety medications among PwH compared with population controls, regardless of age, sex, or factor consumption, in broad national data suggests a need for improved bleed protection and hemophilia care for all severities including mild hemophilia.
|Journal||Research and practice in thrombosis and haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2023|