High-Throughput Human Complement C3 N-Glycoprofiling Identifies Markers of Early Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Children

Dinko Šoić, Toma Keser, Jerko Štambuk, Domagoj Kifer, Flemming Pociot, Gordan Lauc, Grant Morahan, Mislav Novokmet, Olga Gornik

Abstract

Recently, it was shown that children at the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) have a higher proportion of oligomannose glycans in their total plasma protein N-glycome compared to their healthy siblings. The most abundant complement component, glycoprotein C3, contains two N-glycosylation sites occupied exclusively by this type of glycans. Furthermore, complement system, as well as C3, was previously associated with T1D. It is also known that changes in glycosylation can modulate inflammatory responses, so our aim was to characterize the glycosylation profile of C3 in T1D. For this purpose, we developed a novel high-throughput workflow for human C3 concanavalin A lectin affinity enrichment and subsequent LC-MS glycopeptide analysis which enables protein-specific N-glycosylation profiling. From the Danish Childhood Diabetes Register, plasma samples of 61 children/adolescents newly diagnosed with T1D and 84 of their unaffected siblings were C3 N-glycoprofiled. Significant changes of C3 N-glycan profiles were found. T1D was associated with an increase in the proportion of unprocessed glycan structures with more mannose units. A regression model including C3 N-glycans showed notable discriminative power between children with early onset T1D and their healthy siblings with area under curve of 0.879. This study confirmed our previous findings of plasma high-mannose glycan changes in a cohort of recent onset T1D cases, suggesting the involvement of C3 N-glycome in T1D development. Our C3 glycan-based discriminative model could be valuable in assessment of T1D risk in children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100407
JournalMolecular & cellular proteomics : MCP
Volume21
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)100407
ISSN1535-9476
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Child
  • Humans
  • Adolescent
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
  • Mannose
  • Complement C3
  • Concanavalin A
  • Glycopeptides/metabolism
  • Glycoproteins/metabolism
  • Polysaccharides/metabolism
  • Lectins
  • Biomarkers

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