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High fractional exhaled nitric oxide and sputum eosinophils are associated with an increased risk of future virus-induced exacerbations -NDASH- a prospective cohort study

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BACKGROUND: The major trigger of asthma exacerbations is infection with a respiratory virus, most commonly rhinovirus. Type 2 inflammation is known to be associated with an increased risk of exacerbations in general. Whether type 2 inflammation at baseline increases the risk of future virus-induced exacerbations is unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether type 2 inflammation is associated with an increased risk of virus-induced exacerbations of asthma.

METHODS: Stable asthmatics had spirometry, skin prick test, measurement of FeNO and sputum induced for differential cell counts. Patients were followed-up for 18-months, during which they were assessed at the research unit when they had symptoms of an exacerbation. Nasal swabs collected at these assessments underwent viral detection by PCR.

RESULTS: A total of 81 asthma patients were recruited, of which 22 (27%) experienced an exacerbation during the follow-up period. Of these, 15 (68%) had a respiratory virus detected at exacerbation. Sputum eosinophils > 1% at baseline increased the risk of having a subsequent virus-induced exacerbation (HR 7.6 95% CI 1.6-35.2, p=0.010), as did having FeNO > 25 ppb (HR 3.4 95% CI 1.1-10.4, p=0.033). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume47
Issue number8
ISSN0954-7894
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 50268880