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High Abundance of Proteobacteria in Ileo-Anal Pouch Anastomosis and Increased Abundance of Fusobacteria Associated with Increased Pouch Inflammation

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@article{09acf0660472469684a323babdec25be,
title = "High Abundance of Proteobacteria in Ileo-Anal Pouch Anastomosis and Increased Abundance of Fusobacteria Associated with Increased Pouch Inflammation",
abstract = "Low diversity intestinal dysbiosis has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease, including patients with ulcerative colitis with an ileo-anal pouch anastomosis. Furthermore, specific Escherichia coli phylogroups have been linked to inflammatory bowel disease. Our aim was to characterize the differences among microbiota and E. coli phylogroups in active and inactive pouchitis. Disease activity was assessed using the modified pouch disease activity index and by fecal calprotectin. Microbiota diversity was assessed by 16S rDNA MiSeq sequencing. E. coli phylogroup was determined after triplex PCR. Twenty patients with ulcerative colitis with an ileo-anal pouch anastomosis were included, 10 of whom had active pouchitis. Ileo-anal pouch anastomosis patients had an increased abundance of Proteobacteria colonization compared to patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease and healthy controls, p = 1.4·10-5. No differences in E. coli phylogroup colonization could be determined between cases of active and inactive disease. No significant link was found between α-diversity and pouch inflammation. However, higher levels of Fusobacteria colonization were found in patients with a pouch with a fecal calprotectin level above 500, p = 0.02. In conclusion, patients with a pouch had an increased Proteobacteria abundance, but only Fusobacteria abundance was linked to inflammation.",
keywords = "Calprotectin, Escherichia coli, Fusobacteria, Inflammatory bowel disease, Pouchitis, Proteobacteria",
author = "Petersen, {Andreas Munk} and Mirsepasi-Lauridsen, {Hengameh Chlo{\'e}} and Vester-Andersen, {Marianne K} and Nikolaj S{\o}rensen and Krogfelt, {Karen Angeliki} and Flemming Bendtsen",
year = "2020",
month = "5",
day = "8",
doi = "10.3390/antibiotics9050237",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Antibiotics",
issn = "2079-6382",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - High Abundance of Proteobacteria in Ileo-Anal Pouch Anastomosis and Increased Abundance of Fusobacteria Associated with Increased Pouch Inflammation

AU - Petersen, Andreas Munk

AU - Mirsepasi-Lauridsen, Hengameh Chloé

AU - Vester-Andersen, Marianne K

AU - Sørensen, Nikolaj

AU - Krogfelt, Karen Angeliki

AU - Bendtsen, Flemming

PY - 2020/5/8

Y1 - 2020/5/8

N2 - Low diversity intestinal dysbiosis has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease, including patients with ulcerative colitis with an ileo-anal pouch anastomosis. Furthermore, specific Escherichia coli phylogroups have been linked to inflammatory bowel disease. Our aim was to characterize the differences among microbiota and E. coli phylogroups in active and inactive pouchitis. Disease activity was assessed using the modified pouch disease activity index and by fecal calprotectin. Microbiota diversity was assessed by 16S rDNA MiSeq sequencing. E. coli phylogroup was determined after triplex PCR. Twenty patients with ulcerative colitis with an ileo-anal pouch anastomosis were included, 10 of whom had active pouchitis. Ileo-anal pouch anastomosis patients had an increased abundance of Proteobacteria colonization compared to patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease and healthy controls, p = 1.4·10-5. No differences in E. coli phylogroup colonization could be determined between cases of active and inactive disease. No significant link was found between α-diversity and pouch inflammation. However, higher levels of Fusobacteria colonization were found in patients with a pouch with a fecal calprotectin level above 500, p = 0.02. In conclusion, patients with a pouch had an increased Proteobacteria abundance, but only Fusobacteria abundance was linked to inflammation.

AB - Low diversity intestinal dysbiosis has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease, including patients with ulcerative colitis with an ileo-anal pouch anastomosis. Furthermore, specific Escherichia coli phylogroups have been linked to inflammatory bowel disease. Our aim was to characterize the differences among microbiota and E. coli phylogroups in active and inactive pouchitis. Disease activity was assessed using the modified pouch disease activity index and by fecal calprotectin. Microbiota diversity was assessed by 16S rDNA MiSeq sequencing. E. coli phylogroup was determined after triplex PCR. Twenty patients with ulcerative colitis with an ileo-anal pouch anastomosis were included, 10 of whom had active pouchitis. Ileo-anal pouch anastomosis patients had an increased abundance of Proteobacteria colonization compared to patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease and healthy controls, p = 1.4·10-5. No differences in E. coli phylogroup colonization could be determined between cases of active and inactive disease. No significant link was found between α-diversity and pouch inflammation. However, higher levels of Fusobacteria colonization were found in patients with a pouch with a fecal calprotectin level above 500, p = 0.02. In conclusion, patients with a pouch had an increased Proteobacteria abundance, but only Fusobacteria abundance was linked to inflammation.

KW - Calprotectin

KW - Escherichia coli

KW - Fusobacteria

KW - Inflammatory bowel disease

KW - Pouchitis

KW - Proteobacteria

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85085336647&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/antibiotics9050237

DO - 10.3390/antibiotics9050237

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

JO - Antibiotics

JF - Antibiotics

SN - 2079-6382

IS - 5

M1 - 237

ER -

ID: 59856439