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Hematoma and deep surgical site infection following primary breast augmentation: A retrospective review of 1128 patients

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Background
Breast augmentation is one of the most frequently performed cosmetic surgery worldwide. Some of the most severe short-term complications after breast augmentation are hematoma and deep surgical site infection. However, these complications are relatively rare; therefore, large patient populations are required to perform statistical analyses. In this study, we provide a detailed analysis of the complications after primary breast augmentation with an emphasis on deep surgical site infection and hematoma.

Method
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of women who underwent primary breast augmentation without the use of pocket irrigation between 2012 and 2019 in a single private clinic. A cumulative hazard function and a multivariate analysis on the risk of hematoma were performed.

Results
We included 1128 patients in the study. Thirty patients (2.7%) developed postoperative hematoma after a median time of 14 h (IQR 5 h-9 days). Six patients (0.5%) contracted a deep surgical site infection after a median time of 14 days (range 4–41 days). Age, BMI, implant volume, or implant placement was not significantly associated with hematoma.

Conclusion
Our findings support that the risk of hematoma after primary breast augmentation is highest within the first 24 h after the surgery. This time period should be considered when planning postoperative care for these patients. We did not find an increased rate of deep surgical site infection compared with studies of breast augmentations with pocket irrigation. Further studies and meta-analyses are needed to explore the effect of pocket irrigation and other risk factors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Volume75
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1197-1203
Number of pages7
ISSN1748-6815
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

    Research areas

  • Breast augmentation, Complications, Deep infection, Hematoma, Risk factors

ID: 73777300