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Heart failure patients with prediabetes and newly diagnosed diabetes display abnormalities in myocardial metabolism

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BACKGROUND: In type 2 diabetes, a decrease in myocardial glucose uptake (MGU) may lower glucose oxidation and contribute to progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). However, it is unsettled whether CHF patients with prediabetes have abnormal MGU and myocardial blood flow (MBF) during normal physiological conditions.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 35 patients with CHF and reduced left ventricular ejections fraction (34 ± 9%) without overt T2D (mean HbA1c: 40 ± 4 mmol/mol) using echocardiography and quantitative measurements of MGU by 18F-FDG-PET and perfusion by 15O-H2O-PET. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed during the FDG-PET, which identified 17 patients with abnormal and 18 patients with normal glucometabolic response. Global MGU was higher in patients with normal OGTT response (0.31 ± 0.09 µmol/g/min) compared with patients with abnormal OGTT response (0.25 ± 0.09 µmol/g/min) (P = 0.05). MBF (P = 0.22) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) (P = 0.83) were similar in the study groups. The reduced MGU in prediabetic patients was attributable to reduced MGU in viable myocardium with normal MFR (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: CHF patients with prediabetes have reduced MGU in segments with preserved MFR as compared to CHF patients with normal glucose tolerance. Whether reversal of these myocardial abnormalities can improve outcome needs to be investigated in large-scale studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume25
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)169-176
ISSN1071-3581
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 51690082