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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Health Literacy and self-care among visually impaired people with type 1 diabetes in Denmark

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DOI

  1. Barriers to intra-familial prevention of type 2 diabetes: A qualitative study on horizons of significance and social imaginaries

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  2. The use of dialogue tools to promote dialogue-based and person-centred patient education for people with type 2 diabetes

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  1. Gestational diabetes mellitus and stigma: A scoping review

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  2. Diabetes stigma and its association with diabetes outcomes: a cross-sectional study of adults with type 1 diabetes

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  3. Determinants of glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes: testing a process model based on self-determination theory

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Aims The aim of this study was to investigate health literacy and self-care among visually impaired people with type 1 diabetes in Denmark. Methods Survey data from 1425 Danes with type 1 diabetes were categorised in two groups according to visual status: visually impaired ( n = 38) and sighted ( n = 1387). Using the Health Literacy Questionnaire and the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Scale, health literacy and self-care activities were assessed. Visually impaired respondents were compared to sighted respondents using t-tests and chi-squared tests. Results Visually impaired people were older, had higher diabetes duration and were more likely to live alone. Also they had a significant lower level of health literacy on two key dimensions of health literacy ('Ability to find good health information' and 'Understanding health information well enough to know what to do'), they monitored blood sugar less frequently than people that were sighted but had better self-care regarding feet examination. Conclusions Visually impaired people with type 1 diabetes are less able to find and understand health information than sighted people with type 1 diabetes. Our findings indicate need for interventions to promote better self-care and health literacy among visually impaired people with diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChronic Illness
Number of pages8
ISSN1742-3953
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2018

ID: 54965376