BACKGROUND: The metal-on-metal large-diameter-head (MoM-LDH) hip replacements increased in popularity during the start of the twenty-first century. Subsequently reports raised concerns regarding adverse reactions due to elevated chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) concentrations as well as high rates of other complications and revisions. The purpose was to compare Harris Hip Score and SF-36 at 5-years follow up following MoM-LDH total hip arthroplasty (MoM-LDH-THA) or MoM hip resurfacing (MoM-HR).
METHODS: The study was conducted between November 2006 to January 2012 in a tertiary health care center in Denmark. Patients with primary or secondary osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to receive a Magnum (MoM-LDH-THA) or a Recap (MoM-HR) prosthesis. Randomization was computer generated and allocation was concealed in an opaque envelope. Neither patients nor care provider were blinded. Primary outcome was Harris Hip Score at 5-years follow up.
RESULTS: Seventy-five were included and allocated to the MoM-LDH-THA (n = 39) and MoM-HR (n = 36) group. The study was prematurely stopped due to numerous reports of adverse events in patients with MoM hip replacements. Thirty-three in the MoM-LDH-THA and 25 in the MoM-HR group were available for primary outcome analysis. Median Harris Hip Score was 100 (IQR: 98-100) for MoM-LDH-THA and 100 (IQR: 93-100) for MoM-HR (p = 0.486). SF-36 score was high in both groups with no significant difference between groups.
CONCLUSION: Harris Hip Score and SF-36 score was excellent in both groups with no significant difference at 5-years follow up. Our findings suggest that there is no clinical important difference between the two prostheses implanted 5 years after implantation.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04585022 , Registered 23 September 2020 - Retrospectively registered. This study was not prospectively registered in a clinical trial database since it was not an entirely implemented standard procedure in the international orthopedic society when the study was planned.
|Journal||BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Sep 2021|
- Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects
- Cobalt/adverse effects
- Follow-Up Studies
- Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects
- Metal-on-Metal Joint Prostheses/adverse effects
- Prosthesis Design
- Prosthesis Failure
- Hip replacement arthroplasty
- Hip resurfacing
- Harris hip score
- Metal ion concentration
- Total hip arthroplasty