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Group rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) v. group CBT for depression: phase II trial

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@article{339aadc4e0864253b70ab10948198894,
title = "Group rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) v. group CBT for depression: phase II trial",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Although cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for depression, less than half of patients achieve satisfactory symptom reduction during treatment. Targeting known psychopathological processes such as rumination may increase treatment efficacy. The aim of this study was to test whether adding group rumination-focused CBT (RFCBT) that explicitly targets rumination to routine medical management is superior to adding group CBT to routine medical management in treating major depression.METHODS: A total of 131 outpatients with major depression were randomly allocated to 12 sessions group RFCBT v. group CBT, each in addition to routine medical management. The primary outcome was observer-rated symptoms of depression at the end of treatment measured on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. Secondary outcomes were rumination at post-treatment and depressive symptoms at 6 months follow-up (Trial registered: NCT02278224).RESULTS: RFCBT significantly improved observer-rated depressive symptoms (Cohen's d 0.38; 95{\%} CI 0.03-0.73) relative to group CBT at post-treatment on the primary outcome. No post-treatment differences were found in rumination or in depressive symptoms at 6 months follow-up, although these secondary analyses may have been underpowered.CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomized controlled trial providing evidence of benefits of RFCBT in major depression compared with CBT. Group RFCBT may be a beneficial alternative to group CBT for major depression.",
keywords = "Cognitive-behavioural therapy, depression, RCT, rumination, rumination-focused CBT",
author = "Morten Hvenegaard and {Bjerrum M{\o}ller}, Stine and Stig Poulsen and Matthias Gondan and Ben Grafton and Austin, {Stephen F} and Morten Kistrup and Rosenberg, {Nicole G K} and Henriette Howard and Watkins, {Edward R}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1017/S0033291718003835",
language = "English",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Psychological Medicine",
issn = "0033-2917",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Group rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) v. group CBT for depression

T2 - phase II trial

AU - Hvenegaard, Morten

AU - Bjerrum Møller , Stine

AU - Poulsen, Stig

AU - Gondan, Matthias

AU - Grafton, Ben

AU - Austin, Stephen F

AU - Kistrup, Morten

AU - Rosenberg, Nicole G K

AU - Howard, Henriette

AU - Watkins, Edward R

PY - 2019/1/11

Y1 - 2019/1/11

N2 - BACKGROUND: Although cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for depression, less than half of patients achieve satisfactory symptom reduction during treatment. Targeting known psychopathological processes such as rumination may increase treatment efficacy. The aim of this study was to test whether adding group rumination-focused CBT (RFCBT) that explicitly targets rumination to routine medical management is superior to adding group CBT to routine medical management in treating major depression.METHODS: A total of 131 outpatients with major depression were randomly allocated to 12 sessions group RFCBT v. group CBT, each in addition to routine medical management. The primary outcome was observer-rated symptoms of depression at the end of treatment measured on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. Secondary outcomes were rumination at post-treatment and depressive symptoms at 6 months follow-up (Trial registered: NCT02278224).RESULTS: RFCBT significantly improved observer-rated depressive symptoms (Cohen's d 0.38; 95% CI 0.03-0.73) relative to group CBT at post-treatment on the primary outcome. No post-treatment differences were found in rumination or in depressive symptoms at 6 months follow-up, although these secondary analyses may have been underpowered.CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomized controlled trial providing evidence of benefits of RFCBT in major depression compared with CBT. Group RFCBT may be a beneficial alternative to group CBT for major depression.

AB - BACKGROUND: Although cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for depression, less than half of patients achieve satisfactory symptom reduction during treatment. Targeting known psychopathological processes such as rumination may increase treatment efficacy. The aim of this study was to test whether adding group rumination-focused CBT (RFCBT) that explicitly targets rumination to routine medical management is superior to adding group CBT to routine medical management in treating major depression.METHODS: A total of 131 outpatients with major depression were randomly allocated to 12 sessions group RFCBT v. group CBT, each in addition to routine medical management. The primary outcome was observer-rated symptoms of depression at the end of treatment measured on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. Secondary outcomes were rumination at post-treatment and depressive symptoms at 6 months follow-up (Trial registered: NCT02278224).RESULTS: RFCBT significantly improved observer-rated depressive symptoms (Cohen's d 0.38; 95% CI 0.03-0.73) relative to group CBT at post-treatment on the primary outcome. No post-treatment differences were found in rumination or in depressive symptoms at 6 months follow-up, although these secondary analyses may have been underpowered.CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomized controlled trial providing evidence of benefits of RFCBT in major depression compared with CBT. Group RFCBT may be a beneficial alternative to group CBT for major depression.

KW - Cognitive-behavioural therapy

KW - depression

KW - RCT

KW - rumination

KW - rumination-focused CBT

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059835371&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0033291718003835

DO - 10.1017/S0033291718003835

M3 - Journal article

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Psychological Medicine

JF - Psychological Medicine

SN - 0033-2917

ER -

ID: 57568252