AIM: To investigate the impact of hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia and glycaemic variability on arrhythmia susceptibility in people with type 1 diabetes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty adults with type 1 diabetes were included in a 12-month observational exploratory study. Daytime and night-time incident rate ratios (IRRs) of arrhythmias were determined for hypoglycaemia (interstitial glucose [IG] <3.9 mmol/L), hyperglycaemia (IG >10.0 mmol/L) and glycaemic variability (standard deviation and coefficient of variation).
RESULTS: Hypoglycaemia was not associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias compared with euglycaemia and hyperglycaemia combined (IG ≥ 3.9 mmol/L). However, during daytime, a trend of increased risk of arrhythmias was observed when comparing time spent in hypoglycaemia with euglycaemia (IRR 1.08 [95% CI: 0.99-1.18] per 5 minutes). Furthermore, during daytime, both the occurrence and time spent in hyperglycaemia were associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias compared with euglycaemia (IRR 2.03 [95% CI: 1.21-3.40] and IRR 1.07 [95% CI: 1.02-1.13] per 5 minutes, respectively). Night-time hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia were not associated with the risk of arrhythmias. Increased glycaemic variability was not associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias during daytime, whereas a reduced risk was observed during night-time.
CONCLUSIONS: Acute hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia during daytime may increase the risk of arrhythmias in individuals with type 1 diabetes. However, no such associations were found during night-time, indicating diurnal differences in arrhythmia susceptibility.
- Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology
- Blood Glucose
- Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications
- Hypoglycemia/chemically induced