FLT3 ligand preserves the uncommitted CD34+CD38- progenitor cells during cytokine prestimulation for retroviral transduction.

S D Nielsen, L L Husemoen, T U Sørensen, G J Gram, J E Hansen

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Before stem cell gene therapy can be considered for clinical applications, problems regarding cytokine prestimulation remain to be solved. In this study, a retroviral vector carrying the genes for the enhanced version of green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and neomycin resistance (neo(r)) was used for transduction of CD34+ cells. The effect of cytokine prestimulation on transduction efficiency and the population of uncommitted CD34+CD38- cells was determined. CD34+ cells harvested from umbilical cord blood were kept in suspension cultures and stimulated with combinations of the cytokines stem cell factor (SCF), FLT3 ligand, interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-6, and IL-7 prior to transduction. Expression of the two genes was assessed by flow cytometry and determination of neomycin-resistant colonies in a selective colony-forming unit (CFU) assay, respectively. The neomycin resistance gene was expressed in a higher percentage of cells than the EGFP gene, but there seemed to be a positive correlation between expression of the two genes. The effect of cytokine prestimulation was therefore monitored using EGFP as marker for transduction. When SCF was compared to SCF in combination with more potent cytokines, highest transduction efficiency was found with SCF and IL-3 and IL-6 (5.05% +/- 0.80 versus 2.66% +/- 0.53 with SCF alone, p = 0.04). However, prestimulation with SCF in combination with IL-3 and IL-6 also reduced the percentage of CD34+ cells (p = 0.02). Then, prestimulation with SCF and FLT3 ligand was compared. Significant difference in transduction efficiency was not found. Interestingly, FLT3 ligand seemed to preserve the population of CD34+CD38- cells compared to SCF (16.56% +/- 2.02 versus 9.39% +/- 2.35, p = 0.03). In conclusion, prestimulation with potent cytokine combinations increased the transduction efficiency, but reduced the fraction of CD34+ cells. Importantly, the use of FLT3 ligand seemed to preserve the population of uncommitted cells.
Translated title of the contributionFLT3 ligand preserves the uncommitted CD34+CD38- progenitor cells during cytokine prestimulation for retroviral transduction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJ Hematother Stem Cell Res
Volume9
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)695-701
Number of pages7
ISSN1525-8165
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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