Fibre type differences in the organisation of mononuclear cells and myonuclei at the tips of human myofibres

Abstract

The myotendinous junction (MTJ) is a weak link in the musculoskeletal system. Here, we isolated the tips of single myofibres from healthy human hamstring muscles for confocal microscopy (n=6) and RNAscope in situ hybridization (n=6) to gain insight into the profiles of cells and myonuclei in this region. A marked presence of mononuclear cells was observed coating the fibre tips, with a median of 29 (range 16-63) and 16 (9-23) cells per fibre for type I and II myofibres, respectively (p<0.05). The number and density of myonuclei gradually increased from the myofibre proper towards the tip (p<0.05), similarly for both fibre types, and a greater number of COL22A1-expressing nuclei was seen in type II vs type I myofibres (p<0.05). These divergent fibre type-specific characteristics of the MTJ reflect the respective demands for remodelling of the tendon and myofibre sides of the junction according to loading patterns. This insight refines our fundamental understanding of the human MTJ at the cell and structural levels.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.
Original languageEnglish
JournalbioRxiv
Pages (from-to)2024.05.03.592365
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2024

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