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Few X-ray and PUVA treatments accelerate photocarcinogenesis in hairless mice

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PUVA is a treatment that combines oral methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) with ultraviolet radiation A (UVA). It is used for severe psoriasis and the early stages of T-cell lymphoma. X-rays are an effective treatment for skin cancers. Both treatments are in higher doses used to treat skin malignancies and simultaneously increase the risk of keratinocyte cancer. The main objective of this study was to test whether a few PUVA or X-ray treatments could delay the development of ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced skin tumors in a well-established hairless mouse model. Three groups of immunocompetent mice (total, N = 75) were included in the study. All groups were UVR-exposed during the study period. In addition, one group was treated with PUVA and another group was treated with X-rays at days 45, 52, 90 and 97. A control group was treated with UVR only. We recorded when the first, second and third skin tumors were induced in each mouse. Skin tumors developed significantly earlier in both the PUVA and X-ray groups (median, 188 days) than in the control mice (median, 215 days; p < 0.001). Therefore, a few X-ray and PUVA treatments both significantly accelerated the development of skin tumors in hairless mice, compared to UVR controls. Neither treatment showed a delay of UVR-induced skin tumors and caution should be exercised before applying these treatments to sun-damaged skin.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhotochemical & photobiological sciences : Official journal of the European Photochemistry Association and the European Society for Photobiology
Volume20
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1299-1307
Number of pages9
ISSN1474-905X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to European Photochemistry Association, European Society for Photobiology.

    Research areas

  • Animals, Immunocompromised Host, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Methoxsalen/adverse effects, Mice, Mice, Hairless, Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced/etiology, Skin Neoplasms/etiology, Skin Pigmentation/drug effects, Skin/pathology, Ultraviolet Rays, X-Rays

ID: 70625294