Fat Grafting With Expanded Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells for Breast Augmentation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Peter V Vester-Glowinski*, Mikkel Herly, Mathias Ørholt, Bo S Rasmussen, Felix C Müller, Jens J Elberg, Carsten Thomsen, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki

*Corresponding author for this work


BACKGROUND: The main challenge with fat grafting is loss of some of the graft to postsurgery resorption. Previous studies suggest that adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) can improve the volume retention of fat grafts but there is a lack of randomized trials to support the use of ASCs in clinical practice.

OBJECTIVES: This trial aimed to investigate whether ASCs improve fat graft volume retention in patients undergoing breast augmentation with lipofilling.

METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of breast augmentation with ASC-enriched fat grafting. Healthy women aged 30 to 45 years were enrolled. First, the participants underwent liposuction to obtain fat for culture expansion of ASCs. Then, the participants were randomly assigned to undergo a 300- to 350-mL breast augmentation with ASC-enriched fat grafting (10 × 106 ASCs/mL fat graft) to 1 of their breasts and placebo-enriched fat grafting of identical volume to the contralateral breast. The primary outcome was fat graft volume retention after a 1-year follow-up measured with MRI. The trial is registered at www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu (EudraCT-2014-000510-59).

RESULTS: Ten participants were included in the trial; all completed the treatment and follow-up. No serious adverse events occurred. Fat graft volume retention after 1 year was 54.0% (95% CI, 30.4%-77.6%) in the breasts treated with ASC-enriched fat grafting (n = 10) and 55.9% (95% CI, 28.9%-82.9%) in the contralateral breasts treated with placebo-enriched fat grafting (n = 10) (P = 0.566).

CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this trial do not support that ASC-enriched fat grafting is superior to standard fat grafting for breast augmentation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAesthetic surgery journal
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1279-1289
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Adipose Tissue/transplantation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipectomy
  • Mammaplasty
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Stromal Cells/transplantation


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