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False profile view is independently associated with serum metal levels in patients with metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty

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PURPOSE: Elevated levels of serum metal ions can be found in some patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacements. This study seeks to identify whether there is a significant association between the contact patch to rim distance (CPRD) and the anterior center edge angle (ACEA), respectively, and serum cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr) levels in patients treated with unilateral MoM hip replacements by using standing anteroposterior and false profile view radiographs.

METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis on 53 patients with either unilateral ReCap or M2a-Magnum MoM hip replacements operated in 2006 or 2007. Univariate linear regression and multivariable linear regression (MLR) analyses were performed using the CPRD and ACEA along with risk factors for elevated serum levels of Co and Cr previously suggested in the literature as explanatory variables. Serum Co and Cr were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: The MLR model showed that the same three variables (gender, CPRD and ACEA) were significantly associated with serum levels of both Co and Cr explaining approximately half of the variation. A univariate analysis showed a polynomial association between both anteversion angle and the ACEA with serum levels of Co and Cr. The vertex of the polynomial function was located at approximately 20° and 40°, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Gender, CPRD and ACEA are independently associated with serum levels of Co and Cr. Both ACEA and anteversion angles have optimae associated with low serum metal levels which may be useful for post-surgery evaluation of cup positioning.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology
Volume31
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1029–1036
Number of pages8
ISSN1633-8065
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Anterior center edge angle, Chromium, Cobalt, Contact patch to rim distance, False profile view, Metal-on-metal prostheses, Total hip arthroplasty

ID: 61946768