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Factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life in patients having limb-sparing surgery for soft tissue sarcomas - a national multicenter study of 128 patients

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@article{2c3a076424554d65b26a832bd43d4cf2,
title = "Factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life in patients having limb-sparing surgery for soft tissue sarcomas - a national multicenter study of 128 patients",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Limb-sparing surgery for sarcomas has become possible in most cases. However, the impact of the procedure on the functional outcome has only been investigated in a few studies. The aim of this study has been to identify tumor- and patient-related factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life after limb-sparing surgery in soft tissue sarcoma patients.MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 128 patients (mean age = 58, female/male = 54/74) who were treated with limb-sparing surgery without bone resection for soft tissue sarcomas in Denmark during the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011 were included. Patients were asked to participate at least one year after surgery, and patients who had experienced local recurrence or metastatic disease were excluded. The Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) measured functional disability, while the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTS) measured functional impairment. European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 measured quality of life. Tumor- and patient-related factors (age, gender, tumor depth, tumor size, malignancy, comorbidity, location, and radiotherapy) were extracted from the Danish National Sarcoma Database. Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Kruskal-Wallis were used for univariable analysis. Adjusted odds ratios were estimated by using multiple logistic regression models.RESULTS: In the multiple regression analysis, it was found that female gender (p = 0.03), lower extremity tumors (p < 0.01) and radiotherapy (p = 0.02) resulted in an increased risk of a lower TESS score. Initial reduced postoperative function was found to be associated with a lower functional outcome. Patients with reduced functional outcome have increased risk for reduced quality of life (p < 0.01).CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that patient- and tumor-related factors have an important role in the functional outcome.",
keywords = "Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Limb Salvage, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Physical Therapy Modalities, Quality of Life, Sarcoma, Soft Tissue Neoplasms, Journal Article, Multicenter Study",
author = "Casper Saebye and Fugloe, {Hanna M} and Tine Nymark and Akmal Safwat and Petersen, {Michael M} and Thomas Baad-Hansen and Anders Krarup-Hansen and Johnny Keller",
year = "2017",
month = jan,
day = "12",
doi = "10.1080/0284186X.2016.1268267",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "239--244",
journal = "Acta Oncologica",
issn = "0284-186X",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life in patients having limb-sparing surgery for soft tissue sarcomas - a national multicenter study of 128 patients

AU - Saebye, Casper

AU - Fugloe, Hanna M

AU - Nymark, Tine

AU - Safwat, Akmal

AU - Petersen, Michael M

AU - Baad-Hansen, Thomas

AU - Krarup-Hansen, Anders

AU - Keller, Johnny

PY - 2017/1/12

Y1 - 2017/1/12

N2 - BACKGROUND: Limb-sparing surgery for sarcomas has become possible in most cases. However, the impact of the procedure on the functional outcome has only been investigated in a few studies. The aim of this study has been to identify tumor- and patient-related factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life after limb-sparing surgery in soft tissue sarcoma patients.MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 128 patients (mean age = 58, female/male = 54/74) who were treated with limb-sparing surgery without bone resection for soft tissue sarcomas in Denmark during the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011 were included. Patients were asked to participate at least one year after surgery, and patients who had experienced local recurrence or metastatic disease were excluded. The Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) measured functional disability, while the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTS) measured functional impairment. European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 measured quality of life. Tumor- and patient-related factors (age, gender, tumor depth, tumor size, malignancy, comorbidity, location, and radiotherapy) were extracted from the Danish National Sarcoma Database. Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Kruskal-Wallis were used for univariable analysis. Adjusted odds ratios were estimated by using multiple logistic regression models.RESULTS: In the multiple regression analysis, it was found that female gender (p = 0.03), lower extremity tumors (p < 0.01) and radiotherapy (p = 0.02) resulted in an increased risk of a lower TESS score. Initial reduced postoperative function was found to be associated with a lower functional outcome. Patients with reduced functional outcome have increased risk for reduced quality of life (p < 0.01).CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that patient- and tumor-related factors have an important role in the functional outcome.

AB - BACKGROUND: Limb-sparing surgery for sarcomas has become possible in most cases. However, the impact of the procedure on the functional outcome has only been investigated in a few studies. The aim of this study has been to identify tumor- and patient-related factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life after limb-sparing surgery in soft tissue sarcoma patients.MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 128 patients (mean age = 58, female/male = 54/74) who were treated with limb-sparing surgery without bone resection for soft tissue sarcomas in Denmark during the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011 were included. Patients were asked to participate at least one year after surgery, and patients who had experienced local recurrence or metastatic disease were excluded. The Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) measured functional disability, while the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTS) measured functional impairment. European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 measured quality of life. Tumor- and patient-related factors (age, gender, tumor depth, tumor size, malignancy, comorbidity, location, and radiotherapy) were extracted from the Danish National Sarcoma Database. Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Kruskal-Wallis were used for univariable analysis. Adjusted odds ratios were estimated by using multiple logistic regression models.RESULTS: In the multiple regression analysis, it was found that female gender (p = 0.03), lower extremity tumors (p < 0.01) and radiotherapy (p = 0.02) resulted in an increased risk of a lower TESS score. Initial reduced postoperative function was found to be associated with a lower functional outcome. Patients with reduced functional outcome have increased risk for reduced quality of life (p < 0.01).CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that patient- and tumor-related factors have an important role in the functional outcome.

KW - Aged

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Limb Salvage

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Physical Therapy Modalities

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Sarcoma

KW - Soft Tissue Neoplasms

KW - Journal Article

KW - Multicenter Study

U2 - 10.1080/0284186X.2016.1268267

DO - 10.1080/0284186X.2016.1268267

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28077014

VL - 56

SP - 239

EP - 244

JO - Acta Oncologica

JF - Acta Oncologica

SN - 0284-186X

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 52665975