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Exercise Training in Cancer Control and Treatment

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  1. Muscle as a secretory organ

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Exercise training is playing an increasing role in cancer care, as accumulating evidence demonstrates that exercise may prevent cancer, control disease progression, interact with anti-cancer therapies, and improve physical functioning and psychosocial outcomes. In this overview article, we present the current state of the field of exercise oncology, which currently comprises of nearly 700 unique exercise intervention trials with more than 50,000 cancer patients. First, we summarize the range of these interventions with regard to diagnoses, clinical setting, timing, and type of intervention. Next, we provide a detailed discussion of the 292 trials, which have delivered structured exercise programs, outlining the impact of exercise training on cancer-specific, physiological, and psychosocial outcomes in the light of the challenges and physiological limitations cancer patients may experience. In summary, the safety and feasibility of exercise training is firmly established across the cancer continuum, and a wide range of beneficial effects on psychosocial and physiological outcomes are well documented. Many of these beneficial effects are linked to the general health-promoting properties of exercise. However, it is becoming increasing evident that exercise training can have direct effects on cancer and its treatment. This calls for future exercise oncology initiatives, which aim to target cancer-specific outcomes, and which are integrated into the concurrent cancer trajectory. Here, the field must bridge extensive knowledge of integrative exercise physiology with clinical oncology and cancer biology to provide a basis of individualized targeted approaches, which may place exercise training as an integrated component of standard cancer care. © 2019 American Physiological Society. Compr Physiol 9:165-205, 2019.

Original languageEnglish
JournalComprehensive Physiology
Volume9
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)165-205
Number of pages41
ISSN2040-4603
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2018

ID: 56598916