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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Estimation of the celiac disease prevalence in Denmark and the diagnostic value of HLA-DQ2/DQ8

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The aims of the present study were to estimate the celiac disease (CD) prevalence in Denmark and the relevance of the test for human leukocyte antigen DQ2 and DQ8 haplotypes (HLA-DQ2/DQ8) for diagnosing CD. The plasma IgA transglutaminase antibody (TGA-IgA) and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 tests should normally be positive for a CD diagnosis. First, we estimated the CD and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 prevalence in the available blood samples collected at the North Zealand Hospital. Out of a total of 9754 patients, with symptoms suggestive of CD (such as malabsorption, diarrhea, steatorrhea, ion-deficiency anemia, and weight loss or growth failure), 153 patients had TGA-IgA positive results (i.e. TGA-IgA > 10 U/mL). In this cohort, the prevalence of CD was 0.912% and the prevalence of HLA-DQ2/DQ8 positive patients was estimated to be 62%. Based on the distribution of HLA-DQ2/DQ8 positive individuals in the general Danish population, a calculation of CD prevalence in Denmark was found to be maximum 0.77%. Second, we analysed for the HLA-DQ2/DQ8 haplotypes in 293 positive plasma TGA-IgA samples. Nearly all (99%) of the CD patients and non-CD patients were HLA-DQ2/DQ8 positive.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Volume80
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)667-671
Number of pages5
ISSN0036-5513
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • celiac disease, gluten, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, HLA-DQ antigens, routine diagnostic test, transglutaminase

ID: 61030367