TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating the Population Impact of Lp(a) Lowering on the Incidence of Myocardial Infarction and Aortic Stenosis-Brief Report

AU - Afshar, Mehdi

AU - Kamstrup, Pia R

AU - Williams, Ken

AU - Sniderman, Allan D

AU - Nordestgaard, Børge G

AU - Thanassoulis, George

N1 - © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: High lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) is the most common genetic dyslipidemia and is a causal factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and aortic stenosis (AS). We sought to estimate the population impact of Lp(a) lowering that could be achieved in primary prevention using the therapies in development.APPROACH AND RESULTS: We used published data from 2 prospective cohorts. High Lp(a) was defined as ≥50 mg/dL (≈20th percentile). Relative risk, attributable risk, the attributable risk percentage, population attributable risk, and the population attributable risk percentage were calculated as measures of the population impact. For MI, the event rate was 4.0% versus 2.8% for high versus low Lp(a) (relative risk, 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.45-1.46). The attributable risk was 1.26% (95% CI, 1.24-1.27), corresponding to 31.3% (95% CI, 31.0-31.7) of the excess MI risk in those with high Lp(a). The population attributable risk was 0.21%, representing a population attributable risk percentage of 7.13%. For AS, the event rate was 1.51% versus 0.78% for high versus low Lp(a) (relative risk, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.94-1.97). The attributable risk was 0.74% (95% CI, 0.73-0.75), corresponding to 48.8% (95% CI, 48.3-49.3) of the excess AS risk in those with high Lp(a). The population attributable risk was 0.13%, representing a population attributable risk percentage of 13.9%. In sensitivity analyses targeting the top 10% of Lp(a), the population attributable risk percentage was 5.2% for MI and 7.8% for AS.CONCLUSIONS: Lp(a) lowering among the top 20% of the population distribution for Lp(a) could prevent 1 in 14 cases of MI and 1 in 7 cases of AS, suggesting a major impact on reducing the burden of cardiovascular disease. Targeting the top 10% could prevent 1 in 20 MI cases and 1 in 12 AS cases.

AB - OBJECTIVE: High lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) is the most common genetic dyslipidemia and is a causal factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and aortic stenosis (AS). We sought to estimate the population impact of Lp(a) lowering that could be achieved in primary prevention using the therapies in development.APPROACH AND RESULTS: We used published data from 2 prospective cohorts. High Lp(a) was defined as ≥50 mg/dL (≈20th percentile). Relative risk, attributable risk, the attributable risk percentage, population attributable risk, and the population attributable risk percentage were calculated as measures of the population impact. For MI, the event rate was 4.0% versus 2.8% for high versus low Lp(a) (relative risk, 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.45-1.46). The attributable risk was 1.26% (95% CI, 1.24-1.27), corresponding to 31.3% (95% CI, 31.0-31.7) of the excess MI risk in those with high Lp(a). The population attributable risk was 0.21%, representing a population attributable risk percentage of 7.13%. For AS, the event rate was 1.51% versus 0.78% for high versus low Lp(a) (relative risk, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.94-1.97). The attributable risk was 0.74% (95% CI, 0.73-0.75), corresponding to 48.8% (95% CI, 48.3-49.3) of the excess AS risk in those with high Lp(a). The population attributable risk was 0.13%, representing a population attributable risk percentage of 13.9%. In sensitivity analyses targeting the top 10% of Lp(a), the population attributable risk percentage was 5.2% for MI and 7.8% for AS.CONCLUSIONS: Lp(a) lowering among the top 20% of the population distribution for Lp(a) could prevent 1 in 14 cases of MI and 1 in 7 cases of AS, suggesting a major impact on reducing the burden of cardiovascular disease. Targeting the top 10% could prevent 1 in 20 MI cases and 1 in 12 AS cases.

U2 - 10.1161/ATVBAHA.116.308271

DO - 10.1161/ATVBAHA.116.308271

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27765771

SN - 1079-5642

VL - 36

SP - 2421

EP - 2423

JO - Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

JF - Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

IS - 12

ER -