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Endothelial glycocalyx shedding in patients with burns

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Welling, Harald ; Henriksen, Hanne Hee ; Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Erika R ; Stensballe, Jakob ; Huzar, Todd F ; Johansson, Pär I ; Wade, Charles E. / Endothelial glycocalyx shedding in patients with burns. In: Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries. 2020 ; Vol. 46, No. 2. pp. 386-393.

Bibtex

@article{f481ce04ec06421987d1c48e00ad2cb6,
title = "Endothelial glycocalyx shedding in patients with burns",
abstract = "Shedding of syndecan-1 from the endothelial glycocalyx layer (EGL), referred to as endotheliopathy of trauma (EoT), is associated with poorer outcomes. This study aims to determine if EoT is also present in the burn population. We enrolled 458 burn and non-burn trauma patients at a Level 1 trauma center and defined EoT by a syndecan-1 level of ≥40 ng/mL. Sixty-eight of the enrolled patients had burns with a median TBSA of 19{\%}, with 27.9{\%} also suffering inhalational injury (II). Mortality was similar between the burn and non-burn group, also for patients with EoT. The incidence of II was significantly greater in the EoT+ burn group compared to the EoT- group (p = 0.038). Patients with II received significantly larger amounts of i.v. fluids (p = 0.001). The incidence of EoT was significantly different between the II-groups, as was mortality (pEoT = 0.038, pmortality < 0.001). EoT is attributed to the shock rather than the mechanism of trauma and may in burns be associated to II rather than TBSA. Patients with burns and II had worse outcomes and higher mortality compared to patients with burns alone. Burn injury induces EGL shedding similar to that in non-burn patients with EoT, and results in similar higher rate of mortality.",
keywords = "Burns, Capillary leakage, Endotheliopathy, Fluid resuscitation, Glycocalyx, Inhalational injury",
author = "Harald Welling and Henriksen, {Hanne Hee} and Gonzalez-Rodriguez, {Erika R} and Jakob Stensballe and Huzar, {Todd F} and Johansson, {P{\"a}r I} and Wade, {Charles E}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2019 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.burns.2019.05.009",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "386--393",
journal = "Burns",
issn = "0305-4179",
publisher = "Pergamon",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Endothelial glycocalyx shedding in patients with burns

AU - Welling, Harald

AU - Henriksen, Hanne Hee

AU - Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Erika R

AU - Stensballe, Jakob

AU - Huzar, Todd F

AU - Johansson, Pär I

AU - Wade, Charles E

N1 - Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/3

Y1 - 2020/3

N2 - Shedding of syndecan-1 from the endothelial glycocalyx layer (EGL), referred to as endotheliopathy of trauma (EoT), is associated with poorer outcomes. This study aims to determine if EoT is also present in the burn population. We enrolled 458 burn and non-burn trauma patients at a Level 1 trauma center and defined EoT by a syndecan-1 level of ≥40 ng/mL. Sixty-eight of the enrolled patients had burns with a median TBSA of 19%, with 27.9% also suffering inhalational injury (II). Mortality was similar between the burn and non-burn group, also for patients with EoT. The incidence of II was significantly greater in the EoT+ burn group compared to the EoT- group (p = 0.038). Patients with II received significantly larger amounts of i.v. fluids (p = 0.001). The incidence of EoT was significantly different between the II-groups, as was mortality (pEoT = 0.038, pmortality < 0.001). EoT is attributed to the shock rather than the mechanism of trauma and may in burns be associated to II rather than TBSA. Patients with burns and II had worse outcomes and higher mortality compared to patients with burns alone. Burn injury induces EGL shedding similar to that in non-burn patients with EoT, and results in similar higher rate of mortality.

AB - Shedding of syndecan-1 from the endothelial glycocalyx layer (EGL), referred to as endotheliopathy of trauma (EoT), is associated with poorer outcomes. This study aims to determine if EoT is also present in the burn population. We enrolled 458 burn and non-burn trauma patients at a Level 1 trauma center and defined EoT by a syndecan-1 level of ≥40 ng/mL. Sixty-eight of the enrolled patients had burns with a median TBSA of 19%, with 27.9% also suffering inhalational injury (II). Mortality was similar between the burn and non-burn group, also for patients with EoT. The incidence of II was significantly greater in the EoT+ burn group compared to the EoT- group (p = 0.038). Patients with II received significantly larger amounts of i.v. fluids (p = 0.001). The incidence of EoT was significantly different between the II-groups, as was mortality (pEoT = 0.038, pmortality < 0.001). EoT is attributed to the shock rather than the mechanism of trauma and may in burns be associated to II rather than TBSA. Patients with burns and II had worse outcomes and higher mortality compared to patients with burns alone. Burn injury induces EGL shedding similar to that in non-burn patients with EoT, and results in similar higher rate of mortality.

KW - Burns

KW - Capillary leakage

KW - Endotheliopathy

KW - Fluid resuscitation

KW - Glycocalyx

KW - Inhalational injury

U2 - 10.1016/j.burns.2019.05.009

DO - 10.1016/j.burns.2019.05.009

M3 - Journal article

VL - 46

SP - 386

EP - 393

JO - Burns

JF - Burns

SN - 0305-4179

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 58863279