BACKGROUND: Continued blood flow in the aneurysm sac after repair, also known as endoleak, can occur after both open and endovascular popliteal aneurysm repair (EPAR) with risk for aneurysm sac enlargement. Primary aims were to investigate aneurysm sac growth and the presence and classification of endoleak after EPAR using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).
METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients receiving EPAR with expanded polytetrafluorethylene (ePTFE) covered stent-grafts between 1st of January 2009 and 1st of February 2019 at a tertiary referral endovascular center. Patients were re-invited in 2021 and 31 legs were examined for endoleak using CEUS. Endoleaks were classified by a core-lab consisting of three CEUS-experienced physicians.
RESULTS: Median follow-up was 57 months (range 33-143 months). Endoleak was detected in 16 PAA, and categorized as type I (N.=3), type II (N.=10), type III (N.=1) or indeterminate (N.=2). Median maximal PAA diameter was 24 mm (range 15-55 mm) at the time of EPAR compared to 17 mm (range 6-43 mm) at follow-up (P<.001). Maximal aneurysm sac diameter was smaller at follow-up than at the index procedure in both PAAs with and without endoleak on CEUS (P = 0.005 vs. P<0.001, respectively). There was no difference in PAA sac shrinkage at follow-up between patients with or without endoleak (P = 0.28). Freedom from aneurysm sac growth was 97%.
CONCLUSIONS: CEUS was sensitive in endoleak detection after EPAR. Shrinkage of the PAA sac was found in both patients with and without endoleaks. CEUS appears useful for targeted examinations rather than routine surveillance after EPAR.
|Journal||International angiology : a journal of the International Union of Angiology|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2023|