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Elevated apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol associated with age-related macular degeneration: 2 population cohorts

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@article{3ee05417981041ba961305c6e15723c4,
title = "Elevated apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol associated with age-related macular degeneration: 2 population cohorts",
abstract = "CONTEXT: To enable prevention and treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), understanding risk factors for AMD is important.OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypotheses that elevated plasma apolipoprotein A1 and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and low levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol are associated with increased risk of AMD.METHODS: From the Danish general population, we studied 106 703 and 16 032 individuals in the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) and the Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) with median follow-up of 9 and 32 years, respectively.The main outcome measures were 1787 AMD in CGPS and 206 in CCHS.RESULTS: Higher concentrations of plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol, and lower concentrations of LDL cholesterol, were associated with higher risk of AMD in CGPS. After multifactorial adjustment, individuals in the highest versus lowest quartile of plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol had hazard ratios for AMD of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.20-1.63) and 1.22 (1.03-1.45). Corresponding hazard ratios for individuals in the lowest versus highest quartile of LDL cholesterol were 1.18 (1.02-1.37). Per 100 mg/dL higher plasma apolipoprotein A1, 1 mmol/L (39 mg/dL) higher HDL, and 1 mmol/L (39 mmol/L) lower LDL cholesterol, the hazard ratios for AMD were 1.53(1.31-1.80), 1.19 (1.07-1.32), and 1.05 (1.00-1.11), respectively, with similar results across strata of different risk factors. Higher concentrations of HDL cholesterol were also associated with higher risk of AMD in the CCHS.CONCLUSION: Elevated plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol and lower LDL cholesterol are associated with increased risk of AMD.",
keywords = "blindness, cholesterol, drusen, epidemiology, eye disease, Lipoproteins",
author = "Nordestgaard, {Liv Tybj{\ae}rg} and Anne Tybj{\ae}rg-Hansen and Ruth Frikke-Schmidt and Nordestgaard, {B{\o}rge Gr{\o}nne}",
note = "{\textcopyright} The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Endocrine Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
day = "16",
doi = "10.1210/clinem/dgab095",
language = "English",
volume = "106",
pages = "e2749--e2758",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism",
issn = "0021-972X",
publisher = "The/Endocrine Society",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Elevated apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol associated with age-related macular degeneration

T2 - 2 population cohorts

AU - Nordestgaard, Liv Tybjærg

AU - Tybjærg-Hansen, Anne

AU - Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth

AU - Nordestgaard, Børge Grønne

N1 - © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Endocrine Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2021/6/16

Y1 - 2021/6/16

N2 - CONTEXT: To enable prevention and treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), understanding risk factors for AMD is important.OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypotheses that elevated plasma apolipoprotein A1 and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and low levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol are associated with increased risk of AMD.METHODS: From the Danish general population, we studied 106 703 and 16 032 individuals in the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) and the Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) with median follow-up of 9 and 32 years, respectively.The main outcome measures were 1787 AMD in CGPS and 206 in CCHS.RESULTS: Higher concentrations of plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol, and lower concentrations of LDL cholesterol, were associated with higher risk of AMD in CGPS. After multifactorial adjustment, individuals in the highest versus lowest quartile of plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol had hazard ratios for AMD of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.20-1.63) and 1.22 (1.03-1.45). Corresponding hazard ratios for individuals in the lowest versus highest quartile of LDL cholesterol were 1.18 (1.02-1.37). Per 100 mg/dL higher plasma apolipoprotein A1, 1 mmol/L (39 mg/dL) higher HDL, and 1 mmol/L (39 mmol/L) lower LDL cholesterol, the hazard ratios for AMD were 1.53(1.31-1.80), 1.19 (1.07-1.32), and 1.05 (1.00-1.11), respectively, with similar results across strata of different risk factors. Higher concentrations of HDL cholesterol were also associated with higher risk of AMD in the CCHS.CONCLUSION: Elevated plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol and lower LDL cholesterol are associated with increased risk of AMD.

AB - CONTEXT: To enable prevention and treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), understanding risk factors for AMD is important.OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypotheses that elevated plasma apolipoprotein A1 and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and low levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol are associated with increased risk of AMD.METHODS: From the Danish general population, we studied 106 703 and 16 032 individuals in the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) and the Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS) with median follow-up of 9 and 32 years, respectively.The main outcome measures were 1787 AMD in CGPS and 206 in CCHS.RESULTS: Higher concentrations of plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol, and lower concentrations of LDL cholesterol, were associated with higher risk of AMD in CGPS. After multifactorial adjustment, individuals in the highest versus lowest quartile of plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol had hazard ratios for AMD of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.20-1.63) and 1.22 (1.03-1.45). Corresponding hazard ratios for individuals in the lowest versus highest quartile of LDL cholesterol were 1.18 (1.02-1.37). Per 100 mg/dL higher plasma apolipoprotein A1, 1 mmol/L (39 mg/dL) higher HDL, and 1 mmol/L (39 mmol/L) lower LDL cholesterol, the hazard ratios for AMD were 1.53(1.31-1.80), 1.19 (1.07-1.32), and 1.05 (1.00-1.11), respectively, with similar results across strata of different risk factors. Higher concentrations of HDL cholesterol were also associated with higher risk of AMD in the CCHS.CONCLUSION: Elevated plasma apolipoprotein A1 and HDL cholesterol and lower LDL cholesterol are associated with increased risk of AMD.

KW - blindness

KW - cholesterol

KW - drusen

KW - epidemiology

KW - eye disease

KW - Lipoproteins

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85108387013&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1210/clinem/dgab095

DO - 10.1210/clinem/dgab095

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33596319

VL - 106

SP - e2749-e2758

JO - Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

JF - Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

SN - 0021-972X

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 66270868